Most people chose this as the best definition of old-world-porcupines: Plural form of Old World... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. They can be found burrowing in cavities and holes among tree roots along river banks (Khan, 1992; Choe, 2006). Unlike the old world porcupines, the new world porcupines have adapted to tree climbing (Although they are not the most agile climbers, they get it done. Volume 12(1) 2017: 1-11 quills; black-brown to grey-brown on the upper back and white to light brown on the underside (Choe, 2006). Porcupines can live in any terrain, including deserts, grasslands, mountains, rainforests, and forests. The porcupine feeds largely on the inner bark of trees in winter, but it will also feed on a variety of other plants. The Old World porcupines belong to family Hystricidae of Europe, Asia, and Africa. This group consists of large, nocturnal, land-based animals. Porcupines live in forests, deserts, rocky outcrops and hillsides. They prefer wooded habitats and are apt at climbing trees. The Old World porcupines are ground-dwellers, and usually live in pairs or small groups. (Hystricidae is the old scientific name for the family of rodents to which the porcupine belongs. " Some New World porcupines live in trees, but Old World porcupines stay on the rocks. MOLECULAR PHYLOGENY OF THE OLD WORLD PORCUPINES (FAMILY HYSTRICIDAE) 3 J. Old World porcupines (Hystricidae) have quills embedded in clusters, whereas in New World porcupines (Erethizontidae) single quills are interspersed with bristles, underfur, and hair. Hystricidae a family of mammals of the order Rodentia, comprising the Old World porcupines. They are large, terrestrial, and strictly nocturnal. ə‚dē] (vertebrate zoology) The Old World porcupines, a family of Rodentia ranging from southern Europe to Africa and eastern Asia and into the Philippines. The 11 Old World porcupines are almost exclusively terrestrial, tend to be fairly large, and have quills that are grouped in clusters. The “Old World” porcupines live mainly in southern Europe, Asia, and Africa. Some New World porcupines live in trees, but Old World porcupines stay on the rocks. Porcupines occupy a short range of habitats in tropical and temperate parts of Asia, Southern Europe, Africa, and North and South America. The New World porcupines live in North and South America. No porcupine can throw its quills, but they detach easily and will remain embedded in an attacker. The 11 species (3 genera) of this family are found in Africa and Asia. Old World porcupines have spines or quills grouped in clusters, while the quills are attached separately for New World porcupines. New World porcupines are much smaller, and many varieties live in trees. They live in wooded areas and can climb trees, where some species spend their entire lives. The body measures 38-71 cm long and weighs up to 27 kg. Old World porcupines are terrestrial and strictly nocturnal, and have longer quills. They make a den in the trees or live in tangled tree roots. Porcupines with short quills around 4 inches (10 cm) long belong to the New World, while porcupines with quills that can grow up to 20 inches (51 cm) long, though there are some exceptions, belong to the Old World. Keywords: 1900s, 20th century, Brehms Tierleben, color, Hystricidae, mammal, reference book, rodent. Old World porcupines (Hystricidae) have quills in clusters, whereas in New World porcupines (Erethizontidae) single quills are mixed with bristles, underfur, and hair. However, they still have a lot of natural predators who hunt them against all odds. Sci. Old World Porcupines – Hystricidae. They are characterized by the thick spines which cover their bodies. They are found in southern Europe, South East Asia, throughout India and Africa. Old World porcupines are one of the few animals on the planet that are monogamous. The 11 Old World porcupines tend to be fairly large, and have spikes grouped in clusters. The caption reads in the original German: Stachelschwein. Old world porcupines are larger and heavily built. Back to top Feeding. Old world porcupines. 2008 , Barbara A. Holzman, Tropical Forest Biomes ‎ [1] , page 115: They include the largest porcupine species, the African Cape porcupine, whose extremely long spines (up to 20 inches), can be raised like a crest to make them appear twice as large. Their body length varies between 11-19 inches and their weight varies between 3.3-5lbs. Porcupines also occur in Africa and Asia, but Old World porcupines do not belong to the same family as New World porcupines. Like their New World equivalents, the North American porcupines, Old World porcupines are large, heavyset, slow-moving animals that rely on their imposing quills for defense rather than on speed or agility.The largest hystricids may exceed 25 kg in weight; others weigh a kilogram or two. There are 11 species within the old world porcupine family; they tend to be nocturnal and larger than the new world family with a couple of exceptions. Habitat and Range Some species of New World porcupines live in trees, however, Old World porcupines are exclusively terrestrial (ground dwellers). May 10, 2018 - Infraorder: Hystricognathi; Family Hystricidae: Old World porcupines. Porcupine habitats range from deserts, forests and grasslands. The Old World porcupines, or Hystricidae, are large terrestrial rodents, distinguished by the spiny covering from which they take their name. Porcupines have rounded bodies covered with fur in shades of brown, white, and gray. No porcupine can throw its quills, but they detach easily and will remain embedded in an attacker. New World porcupines have small quills that are around 4 inches (10 cm) long, while Old World porcupines have quills that can grow up to 20 inches … Quills actually are released through contact and sometimes a few may fall out when a porcupine shakes its body vigorously. Erethizontidae - New World porcupines. However, the porcupines in other parts of the world typically remain on solid land for the most part. They range in size from 17-32 inches in length. There are 18 species in this family. They live in forests and deserts, and on rocky outcrops and hillsides. Porcupines occupy a short range of habitats in tropical and temperate parts of Asia, Southern Europe, Africa, and North and South America. The porcupines stomach is the only area not protected by quills. The Old World porcupines live in southern Europe, Asia (western and southern), and most of Africa. The New World porcupines are 19 species of forest dwellers of the family Erethizontidae. The New World porcupines are indigenous to North America and northern South America. They all have at least some hair modified into quills. Porcupines. Porcupines do not throw their quills. Porcupines have long spiny barbed hairs or quills. Old World Porcupines have cluster quills and the single quills of New World Porcupines are interspersed with hair, under fur and bristles. While there are 58 species of new and old world porcupines, distibuted over two different families. ), they use their tails when climbing, are not as nocturnal and are mostly smaller. Males and females, in both the old and the new world look about the same. The New World porcupines are primarily found in the Americas; whereas, the Old World porcupines are often found in Europe, Asia and Africa. Old World porcupine (plural Old World porcupines) Any of the large, spiny-furred rodents of the family Hystricidae , native to the southern Eurasia and Africa . Let’s have a look at the porcupine’s main predators. Old-world porcupines (Order: Rodentia Family: Hystricidae) face many threats, including an increasing demand for their different body parts such as meat, quills, hairs and bezoars.Bezoars are masses of undigested organic and inorganic material that are occasionally formed in an animal’s gastrointestinal tract. What sets porcupines apart from most rodents is their ability to protect themselves with their large spines, also called quills. Sustain. The spikes of old world porcupines are longer and exist in clusters interspersed with shorter quills. They are found in North, Central and South America. Old World porcupines are mostly terrestrial, meaning they live on the ground, and are quite large. The New World porcupines are indigenous to North America and northern South America. The word porcupine comes from the old french word porcespin, which roughly translates as thorn pig. They weigh between 12 and 25 pounds. The Old World porcupines live in southern Europe, Asia and across Africa. American porcupines. They include the large crested porcupines, some of which can grow more than 2 … 8. Old World porcupines (Hystricidae) have quills embedded in clusters, whereas in New World porcupines (Erethizontidae) single quills are interspersed with bristles, underfur, and hair. The Old World porcupines are large representatives of the terrestrial rodent mammals, distinguished by their spiny covering from which they take their name. Porcupines live in forests, deserts, rocky outcrops and hillsides. Porcupines are rodents with a coat of sharp spines, or quills, that protect against predators. Size varies according to species, ranging from 25 to 36 inches long plus an 8 to 10 inch tail. Larger individuals can reach a length of 33 inches and can weigh 29-59 lbs. The Crested Porcupine of North Africa and Italy is the fourth largest rodent and can weigh as much as 60 pounds (27 kg). The species of new world porcupines use their long curved claws to climb trees and also, they have tails that make their grip on the trees. "Hystricidae is the most enigmatic. See more ideas about porcupine, old world, rodents. Resources. Porcupine Habitat. The Old World porcupines live in southern Europe, Asia, and most of Africa. They separated from the other hystricognaths about 30 million years ago, much earlier than the New World porcupines. Old World porcupines can be any species of rodents in the family Hystricidae. The old world porcupines can swim well, but they don’t have the ability to climb or jump much whereas, the new world porcupines live on trees. Manage. In taxonomic terms, they form the family Hystricidae. 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