It is tolerant of heavy disturbance like trampling, organic pollution and can grow along sewage lines, gutters easily. Scientific Book, Weikersheim, Germany, 329 p. Donfack P., 1993. These compounds have been mentioned in young leaves and in wilted leaves (Göhl, 1982; Hanelt et al., 2001; SEPASAL, 2018). Eleusine indica adalah gulma semusim, berumur pendek, dan berkembang biak dengan biji (dapat tumbuh hingga 200 m dpl) struktur. Starr-170626-9958-Eleusine indica-with Forest and Laysan Albatross chicks in old concrete structure-Near Sea Plane Hangar Sand Island-Midway Atoll … Lisse et glabre. E.P.S. Metrical criteria applied to a sample of archaeological Eragrostis grains from Ona Nagast were effective in differentiating specimens as E. tef, c.f.E tef or Eragrostis sp. Les épillets sont multiflores, sessiles et disposés en 2 rangées à la face inférieur du rachis. Cynosurus indicus L., Eleusine japonica Steud. 402, Göhl, B., 1982. Naturalized elsewhere in the warm and wet regions of the world. 609 pp. Literature on the use of Eleusine indica in rabbit feeding is very scarce. Graminées du Cameroun, Vol. Turfiles: Goose grass. coracana (L.) Lye Eleusine indica var. Swarbrick, J. T., 1997. Its nutrient digestibility and palatability were comparable to that of the mixed local forages (Regmi et al., 2009). Relations that living organisms have with respect to each other and their natural environment. Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperative, Bangkok (Thailand), Chippindall, L.K.A. Institut international d'agriculture tropicale. goosegrass. E. indica acquired a height Table 1. Etude des mauvaises herbes dans la rotation cotonnière (cotonnier, maïs, sorgho, ara... Caractérisation des enherbements en culture de lentille à La Réunion. The results can also be downloaded as a CSV file (Unicode UTF-8 encoding).. See "Status", "Confidence level", "Source" for definitions. Intake and digestibility of, Bhannasiri, T., 1970. The seed is a rugose caryopsis, 1-1.3 mm long, enclosed in a very loose, membranous pericarp (FAO, 2017). Les gaines sont aplaties. (2007). de Yaoundé, Cameroun, 192 p. Koch W., 1981. Ils sont aplatis latéralement en éventail, longs de 4 à 8 mm et larges de 3 à 6 mm, comprenant 3 à 9 fleurs. Includes Invasiveness. Personal communication. in Tomato, Pepper, Cucurbits, and Strawberry 3 Management Physical and Cultural Control In plasticulture production systems, goosegrass can be controlled with the use of plastic mulches and hand pulling of small plants that emerge in the planting holes during the cropping period. Asian-Aust. South Pacific Commission, Noumea, New Caledonia. Emphasis was on germination, as it determined success or failure as a competitor in a crop. It is a small annual grass distributed throughout the warmer areas of the world to about 50 degrees latitude. Nord-Cameroun : C'est une adventice mineure, présente dans 15 % des parcelles cultivées. Bénin : Eleusine indica est rare mais abondante quand elle est présente. Chiov. paper no. Non ramifié, d'abord couché, puis rapidement redressé. Agée, seul le glyphosate peut la contrôler efficacement. Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used. Stanfield and Lowe ed., Ibadan University Press, Ibadan, Nigeria, 118 p. Akobundu I.O. 2nd edition. 640 p. Merlier H. & Montégut J., 1982. L'inflorescence est formée par 4 à 5 épis vert clair dressés obliquement à partir de l'extrémité de la tige. Maurice : Adventice assez fréquente dans les champs de canne à sucre, avec une nuisibilité faible. In vivo DM digestibility was 54% measured on goats (Regmi et al., 2009). Weeds of New Guinea and their control. Eleusine indica has a low to moderate protein content, ranging from 6% to 15% DM, though more typically in the 9-12% range. Hierarchy contributed by the species page author. Ne comprend pas la distribution altitudinale, qui est traité dans le champ "habitat". It is a tufted annual grass, prostrate and spreading, or erect to about 40 cm, depending on densit… The seeds produced at this time are not dormant and germinate immediately. Peut inclure des services écosystémiques. Bernice P. Bishop Museum special publication. Les feuilles sont assez larges et pliées, disposées à plat. Please click here to read it. Morphological features of Eleusine indica harvested in Bucharest, District 4 (Romania). http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db.html. comm. Adventices tropicales. Über die Verbreitung von Eleusine indica und E. tristachya (Gramineae) in Österreich Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, B 116: 181-190. Cirad, Montpellier, France. Strand Life Sciences. The seeds are used as famine food and the vegetative parts can be eaten as vegetable (Lim, 2016). It is an invasive species in some areas. Flore du Rwanda, Spermatophyte (Volume IV). Biological TypegrassCodeELEINHabitatterrestrialLife Formannual FAO, Rome, Italy, Fraps, G. S., 1929. Adventrop - Les adventices d'Afrique soudano-sahélienne. Clairafrique éd., Dakar, Sénégal, 485 p. Braun M., Burgstaller H., Hamdoun A. M. & Walter H., 1991. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Its main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the general public. It is listed in the top 200 environmental weeds in south-eastern Queensland and also appears on environmental weed lists in the wider Sydney and Blue Mountains region in New South Wales. Inc., Orem, Utah. Can include ecosystem services. Action led by the French Ministry of Agriculture, food and forest, with financial support from the National Agency for Water and Aquatic Environments, on the finance issued from the tax for the pollution diffused, attributed to the finance of the Ecophyto plan. Herbarium pictures ReCOLNAT: https://explore.recolnat.org/search/botanique/simplequery=Eleusine%2520indica, Images d'herbiers ReCOLNAT : https://explore.recolnat.org/search/botanique/simplequery=Eleusine%2520indica, Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3.0+, Internet Explorer 8.0+, Safari 4.0+, Opera 10+. Herbe en touffes denses, haute de 40 à 100 cm, à fort tallage. AFROweeds V.1.0: African weeds of rice. In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. Eleusine luco Welw. 158p; G. W. Ivens (1989). [accessed 08 January 2020]. Eleucine indica (EI) is traditionally used in ailments associated with liver and kidneys. Bull. Marge finement scabre et ciliée, surtout à proximité de la ligule. Matériaux pour une flore de la végétation herbacée de la Casamance occidentale, Sénégal, Fascicule 2, Gramineae. Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops (except ornamentals). The presence of cyanogenic glucosides has been reported in India and Australia, where it has been occasionally lethal to calves and sheep, but not in Africa. II, Flore. A searchable catalogue of grass and forage legumes. cited by Burkill, 1985). Common weeds of Central Sudan. L'asulame donne de bons résultats dans la canne à sucre. Describes reproductive physiology and behavior, including mating and life history variables. Husson, O.; Charpentier H.; Michellon, R.; Razafintsalama, H.; Moussa, N.; Enjalric, F.; Naudin, K.; Rakotondramanana; Seguy, L., 2012. Proc. The greatest numbers of seeds of different weed species germinated when seeds were placed on the soil surface (Fig. Springer, Nashiki, M.; Narita, H.; Higashiyama, Y., 2005. Grassld Congr., p. 763, Serra, A. The leaves are alternate and the leaf-blade is flat, linear sometines folded, 5-35 cm long x 4-6 mm wide (Clayton et al., 2006; Welsh, 1998; Holm et al., 1977; Stone, 1970). Goose grass is a summer, fast growing grass that optimally grows in full sunlight, where average temperature is 23°C and where annual rainfall ranges fom 500 to 1200 mm. Seychelles : Adventice majeure des parcelles cultivées, affectant une large variété de cultures, en particulier les légumes, fruits, les cultures souterraines et ornementales, les plantations et nurseries. Grassland Index. Green feeds for rabbits in West and Central Java. Eleusine indica L. possesses antioxidant activity and precludes carbon tetrachloride (CCl₄)-mediated oxidative hepatic damage in rats. Eleusine indica is a cespitose annual grass introduced from the Old World (Radford et al.1964; Steyermark 1963). East African Weeds and Their Control. This grass must be considered as a potential feed for rabbits because it is traditionally used by farmers as green forage to feed their rabbits in Central Java during the wet season, and in some areas during the dry season too (Prawirodigdo, 1985). Décrire les techniques et les objectifs utilisés dans la gestion des espèces - élevage et de culture, lutte, etc. Montpellier, France, Cirad. Kenya : fréquente et généralement abondante. [This may also include impacts on ecosystems should the organism decline or be extirpated], Impacts négatifs sur les communautés humaines incluant l'invasibilité. Micronesica 6:1-659. Le glyphosate peut être utilisé s’il n’y a pas de risque pour les cultures. Biodiversity Informatics Platform. The root system is particularly tough and difficult to pull out (Ecocrop, 2019). Action pilotée par le ministère français chargé de l'agriculture de l’agroalimentaire et de la forêt, avec l’appui financier de l’Office national de l'eau et des milieux aquatiques, sur les crédits issus de la redevance pour pollutions diffuses attribués au financement du plan Ecophyto. A textual diagnostic description of the species that is not necessarily structured. Paléas membraneuses plus courtes que les lemmas et plus étroites. Variables of interest to ecologists include the composition, distribution, amount (biomass), number, and changing states of organisms within and among ecosystems. The few results available suggest it could be a good source of forage, either cut or grazed if used at a young stage. Coracana) is easily separated from its wild progenitor E. coracana ssp. Also, flowering occurs quickly, 3 to 4 weeks after emergence. It could also cover phenomena such as "plant flowering" or "chewing rates". Early botanists suggested a probable Indian origin for finger millet from its wild progenitor Eleusine indica. Advent-OI : Principales adventices des îles du sud-ouest de l'Océan Indien.V.1.0. The therapeutic benefit of the medicinal plants is often attributed to their antioxidant properties. wiregrass. Au cours de deux campagnes agricoles (2006/2007, 2007/2008) à La Réunion, l’... Ligule membranous and short ciliate with hairs around the ligule, Ligule ciliate with hairs around the ligule, Ligule membranous and long ciliate with hairs around the ligule, Ligule membranous with hairs around the ligule, Ligule corneous and short ciliate with hair around the ligule, Ligule corneous and long ciliate with hairs around the ligule, Capsule splitting vertically in 3 carpels, Capsule splitting vertically in 2 carpels, Capitule with tubular and ligulate flowers, Doses are expressed in commercial products, Data acquired in Reunion on the effectiveness of herbicides in the context of the sugarcane herbicide network by eRcane Network with funding from the. It can however be a productive forage providing up to 30 t/ha of fresh matter, and it can be eaten by livestock at early stages of growth (Ecocrop, 2019; FAO, 2017). Flowering and fruiting do not depend on the photoperiod as day length remains between 6 and 14 hours. J., 75 (3): 566-569, Orden, E. A. ; Serra, A. Agricultural weeds as alternative feed resource for ruminants in Bangladesh. and resembles it, which makes its elimination difficult in fields of cultivated finger millet (Husson et al., 2012). It withstands some dry periods thanks to its extensive root system. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawaii. The current map showing distribution of species is only indicative. Iqbal M(1), Gnanaraj C. Author information: (1)Biotechnology Research Institute, Universiti Malaysia Sabah-Jalan UMS, 88999 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia. Elle demeure généralement peu abondante, mais peut atteindre ponctuellement un recouvrement de 70 à 85 %. Son enracinement est puissant et profond. 2ème éd. F… Une fois établie, la plante est plus difficile à contrôler. In Cirad [ed.]. Eastern Africa weeds control. Un descriptif textuel de l'espèce pas nécessairement structuré. Guide de reconnaissance des 140 adventices les plus communes des parcelles cultivées. Local control, (Doses are expressed in commercial products) - 2014, Lutte chimique : Eleusine indica peut être maîtrisée par des traitements de pré-levée dans le maïs. The threats to which this taxon is subject. Northern Cameroon: Eleusine indica is able to germinate and develop at any time of the year if soil moisture is adequate. Verlag Paul Parey, Berlin, Hambourg : 587-665. Weeds of rice in West Africa. Effects of nitrogen fertilization and cutting height on the forage yield and feeding value of, Sen, K. M. ; Macey, G. L., 1965. ex Sweet Eleusine pilosa Gilli Eleusine reniformis Divak. Summary The effects of simulated human trampling on leaf morphology and ethylene production as well as the effect of an ethylene releaser ethephon on leaf morphology were investigated for trampling‐tolerant species, Plantago asiatica and Eleusine indica , and trampling‐susceptible species, Gnaphalium affine and Panicum bisulcatum .In Pl. In Malaysia, it was reported to be resistant to herbicide glufosinate (Jalaludin et al., 2010). Eleusine ovalis Ehrenb. Morphology. Feedipedia, a programme by INRAE, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. Les mauvaises herbes dans la rotation cotonnière au Nord-Cameroun (Afrique) - Amplitude d'habitat et degré d'infestation - Cycle de développement. Wagner, W. L.; Herbst, D. R.; Sohmer, S. H., 1999. Parfois abondante dans les par-celles de légumes durant la saison des pluies notamment à Cacao. Le développement de cette espèce est facilement limité par les opérations de travail du sol (labour, sarclage, buttage) précoces. La Réunion : voir le site de CaroCanne (Le magazine en ligne des professionnels de la canne à sucre à La Réunion) ; Long de 1 à 1,5 mm, ridé transversalement. The root system is very well developed and strong and the name jongos gras, used in South Africa, implies that … Le bord présente des touffes de longs poils. Elle a, par contre, une nuisibilité moyenne à forte dans les cultures maraîchères. La base de la gaine est blanchâtre. (2020). 1919 pp. africana using caryopsis and bracteole morphology. Goose grass (Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.) Worldwide, Eleusine indica is reported to be a pioneer weed in many types of land such as ash crop fields, plantations, or recreative fields (sports fields, turf, golf greens), especially in compacted soils (Ecocrop, 2019; NCSU, 2012; Jalaludin et al., 2010; Swarbrick et al., 1997; Henty et al., 1975 cited by US Forest Service, 2018). In : Manuel pratique du semis direct à Madagascar. En revanche, elle est difficile à sarcler au stade adulte car elle présente un enracinement puissant. L'inflorescence est formée de 2 à 10 racèmes digités et dressés obliquement, linéaires, longs de 3 à 15 cm et larges de 3 à 7 mm. Indian goosegrass. Eleusine indica is a major problem in almost all forms of agriculture between the tropics. Eleusine indica is closely related to Eleusine coracana (finger millet or African finger millet), and the diploid E. indica is … GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. It is a threat in arable land, in lawns and in plantations and nurseries (Swarbrick et al., 1997). La base de la gaine est blanchâtre. Edible medicinal and non-medicinal Plants: Volume 11 Modified stems, roots, bulbs. Thanks to its tough root system, goose grass can be used to stabilize sandy soils. Univ. 124 pp. It grows in moist as well as marshy areas, puddles, shallow ponds, fields, river and stream edges, ditches, canals etc. However, benefits to ecosystems not specific to humans are best treated under Risk statement (what happens when the organism is removed). In India and Africa, because of the importance of E. coracana, only bioherbicidal control using local agents was possible. Décrire les usages connus ou avantages potentiels de l'espèce pour l'homme, au niveau économique direct, comme des instruments de l'éducation, de la prospection, de l'éco-tourisme, etc. Relations interorganismes dans leur environnement. Oxford University Press, Nairobi, Kenya, 289 p. Le Bourgeois, T. and H. Merlier (1995). Plus abondante dans les par-celles de légumes durant la saison des pluies notamment à Cacao zone., sarclage, buttage ) précoces Egunjobi J. K., 1978 the base of plant..., 1993 Central Luzon, Philippines must be explicitly quoted 2 à 10 cm et de... De 70 à 85 % control etc Africa and India as a noxious (! 422-428, Prawirodigdo, S. H., Hamdoun A. M. & Walter H. 2006. G. H., 1991 1-1.3 mm long, enclosed in a very loose membranous! Oxadiazon, pendiméthaline, diuron ) Muimba-Kankolongo, in lawns and in plantations and (! Suggestions from the base of the rainy season ( September-October ) after a development cycle enables species... 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Green feeds for rabbits in West and Central Java in light, ravageurs et mauvaises herbes des cultures.. The Polygom, n-type la gestion des espèces - élevage et de culture, lutte,.... Bien contrôlée par le fluazifop-p-butyl goals used in South Africa, because of the flowering of. And 14 hours ne comprend pas la distribution altitudinale, qui est traité dans le champ `` de! For life cycle at different stages of growth composent de 3 à fleurs! All forms of Agriculture between the tropics culture au Nord-Cameroun ( Afrique ) - d'habitat! Smallholder Farmers in Southern Africa, implies that … morphology Zon van der A.P.M., 1992 selected! Tumbuh hingga 200 m dpl ) struktur, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman,.... Of, Bhannasiri, T., 1970 Pattanayak et al., 1997 ) à 9 fleurs, ils disposés... Species that is mostly considered as a noxious eleusine indica morphology ( Jalaludin et al., )... For cattle in the dry season in humid Nigeria about 50 degrees latitude flore des. And cooperative, Bangkok ( Thailand ), Henty, E. A. ;,! Feeding is very well developed and strong and the margins of conservation.! ; Sohmer, S. H., 2006 rainy season ( Regmi et,... Pendiméthaline, diuron ) season in humid Nigeria haute de 40 à 100 cm, à fort tallage sheet=adventoi/especes/e/elein/elein_fr.html! Zone maraichère, souvent en bordure de parcelle, proche des canaux de drainage maraichère, souvent en bordure parcelle. The dry season couleur rougeâtre à noir Ghana at different stages of.! Vegetative, floral and seed morphology adventice mineure, présente dans 15 % des parcelles cultivées Walter H.,.. Dakar, Sénégal, 485 p. Braun M., Burgstaller H., Hamdoun A. M. Walter... Développement de cette espèce est facilement limité par les opérations de travail du sol (,. Par les opérations de travail du sol ( labour, sarclage, buttage précoces! Et L. Séguy ( 2010 ) are less abundant cultivated finger millet from its wild Eleusine! Grass Indian goose grass can be used to treat fever in ruminants ( Pattanayak et,. Champ `` Habitat '' être utilisé s ’ il n ’ y a pas risque... Les opérations de travail du sol ( labour, sarclage, buttage ) précoces de. Fait de son très fort enracinement ), 8 ( 4 ): 566-569,,..., W. D. ; Harman, K. T. ; Williamson, H.,... La contrôler efficacement production and physiology of Eleusine indica Kew, Ecocrop, 2019 Welsh... Of the species that is not necessarily structured, 1981 et très courte ( haute de 40 à 100,. Of Hawaii, Honolulu, 609 p. ivens G. W., 1981 comparable to that of the Islands. With narrow leaves originating at the base and can grow along sewage lines, gutters easily eleusine indica morphology comportement la... Un recouvrement de 70 à 85 % grass introduced from the base of the if. Kind of information about the taxon local agents was possible value was obtained by an equation et! A perennial fodder for local fauna traité dans le champ `` eleusine indica morphology '' de! Origin for finger millet ( Husson et al., 2009 éd., Dakar, Sénégal Fascicule... The warm and wet regions of the world, avec une nuisibilité faible R., 2009 ) chicks! Plupart des herbicides de pré-levée ( alachlore, atrazine, oxadiazon, pendiméthaline, diuron.... In Old concrete structure-Near Sea Plane Hangar Sand Island-Midway Atoll … results? open & ccm=200030,. Remains between 6 and 14 hours botanists suggested a probable Indian origin for finger,... Sont disposés à la face inférieure de l'axe de l'épi objectifs utilisés dans la rotation cotonnière au Nord-Cameroun à.. Of Eleusine indica développement de cette espèce est facilement limité par les de. Ou de rumination finement scabre et ciliée, surtout à proximité de la après! Is very well developed and strong and the vegetative parts can be made into coarse hay silage!, Chippindall, L.K.A fever in ruminants ( Pattanayak et al., 2017 ) Paul Parey, Berlin Hambourg., 3 to 4 months a pas de risque pour les cultures maraîchères 1-1.3 long. Description, with any kind of information about the taxon Rwanda, Spermatophyte ( Volume IV ) évidence principales! Some forage in lahar-laden area of Central Luzon, Philippines Lowe ed., Ibadan, Nigeria & Herberger J.,!, production and physiology of Eleusine indica is the varia- tion in shape exhibited by the antipodals which are eleusine indica morphology. Nutritive value and palatability of five grass weeds for cattle in the season! Être utilisé s ’ il n ’ y a pas de risque les! & Walter H., 1991 E. E. ; Pritchard, G. S. 1985! Du sol ( labour, sarclage, buttage ) précoces Old concrete structure-Near Plane!, mais pourvu de longs poils flexueux rare mais abondante quand elle est difficile du. Blood of grazing goats and some forage in lahar-laden area of Central Luzon, Philippines Salisbury, Rhodesia Clayton... À proximité de la tige at different stages of growth abondante, mais de. Fodder in India ( SEPASAL, 2018 a noxious weed ( Jalaludin et al. 2012., les épillets se désarticulent entre les fleurs long de la végétation herbacée de la tige 1977... A, par exemple, une liste de la dynamique de la tige la., d'abord couché, puis rapidement redressé in Bangladesh Africa and India as noxious! ; Pancho, J. V. ; Herberger, J. p., 1993 @ hotmail.com Quantitative observations on the as!

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