Dunes were fixed and stabilized by mechanical and vegetative means, and the area is now covered with trees with orchards of zizyphus, date palms, and grassland grown with collected rainwater and saline groundwater. [5] The dry bed of the Hakra River runs through the area, along which many settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization/Harappan Culture have been discovered, including the large urban site of Ganweriwal. This is an open access article distribut, ed under the Creative Commons Attribution, d use, distribution, and reproduction in any me, dium, provided the original work is properly c, phyte 3 species (2%) of the flroa of the area. ... Grey partridge is one of the few birds that can be found in the Cholistan desert. Among the existing families, 33 families are dicotyledons, 4 families of monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms . Table 2. [9], Camels in particular are prized in Cholistan for their meat and milk, use as transportation, and for entertainment such as racing and camel dancing. Among families, 33 families belong to Dicotyledons of 79 genera and 115 species, while the 38 species of 26 genera belong to 4 families of Monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms with 1 genus and 1 species. Moreover, the all species were identified with the help of Flora of Pakistan and conserved at CBC, SALU, Khairpur. The Chinkara is the only animal living there now. What are evergreen tropical or subtropical forests called? In Wadi Hamra we did find a large spider that tried to make home in one of our cardboard boxes left out for the night, and encountered a fine exapmple of the same species in Karkur Ibrahim. of thirteen families are represented with one species. The fields of architecture, sculpture, terra cotta, and pottery developed greatly in this phase. In fact the area particularly came to be known for its forts, villas, palaces, havelis,{{which lang|date=January gateways, fortifications, and city walls. In the desert areas there are wide ranges of temperature throughout the day and night. The surface of the desert is a wild maze of sand dunes and sand ridges. Local soil is very fine and suitable for making pottery. [18] Punjab, Pakistan and Prevailing Threats There in,”, for Range Development in Cholistan Desert as Reflected, Germplasm of Cholistan Desert and its Phytosociology,”. The Badro Mountain is a part of Kirthar Mountain range, which is important for its ecological value and conservation of species and habitats. The largest family of the area is Poaceae with 34 species. Cholistani khusas are very famous for the quality of workmanship, variety, and richness of designs especially when stitched and embroidered with golden or brightly colored threads. [11] Lesser Cholistan is an arid and slightly less sandy region approximately 12,370 km2 (4,780 sq mi) in area which extends north and east from the old Hakra river bed, historically up to the banks of the Sutlej River. [12] The mean temperature in Cholistan is 28.33 °C (82.99 °F), with the hottest month being July with a mean temperature of 38.5 °C (101.3 °F). Clean sea water washing upon the shores of UAE hide very varied and colorful underwater world. [11] Summer temperatures can surpass 46 °C (115 °F), and sometimes rise over 50 °C (122 °F) during periods of drought. It is home to many unique flora and fauna. The aim of study was to provide post monsoon botanical inventory of Tharparakar especially Thar Desert and Karoonjhar mountain ranges. Kazakhstan flora and fauna overview. PC is still preserving the biodiversity by means of strict rules and regulations enforced for the maintenance of the college premises. The study was concluded with advocating the DNA barcoding as an effective tool for species identification and ITS2 as the best barcode region in identifying medicinal species of Fabaceae and Poaceae. [11], Though now an arid region, Cholistan once had a large river flowing through it that was formed by the waters of the Sutlej and Yamuna Rivers. [11] Sand dunes in this area reach over 100 meters in height. ITS2, mat K , rbc La, ITS2+ mat K, ITS2+ rbc La, mat K+ rbc La, ITS2+ mat K+ rbc La for their capacity to identify frequently consumed but geographically isolated medicinal species of Fabaceae and Poaceae indigenous to the desert of Cholistan. "Biodiversity in the surface dwelling fauna from Cholistan desert, Pakistan" Other: "Summary (En)" "2 ills., 1 table, 17 ref." Parts of Thal desert and Cholistan desert are now being irrigated. (3 species) were explored and studied taxonomically first time from the study area. Aizoaceae (6 species), Boraginaceae (6 species) and Brassicaceae (6 species). [11] Winter temperatures occasionally dip to 0 °C (32 °F). with the Indus valley civilization including Mohenjo, 5000 years ago. Gargas are made with numerous patterns and color, having complicated embroidery, mirror, and patchwork. Table 1. 1997. -Very thick leaves so that the water they collect doesn't evaporate -Desert plants are good at storing water, they need to be able to keep as much water as they can Cacti (cactus) are good at storing water, too. Regarding the terrestrial animal, a symbol of the Arab world is certainly a camel, which has a solid place in the everyday life of the Arabs. kupidonia.com. 5, 2007, pp. Few other livelihood opportunities aside from livestock farming are available in the region. Rapinat Herbarium, St. Joseph’s College, Tiruchirapalli, Agricultural and Water Research Center, Ministry of Ag-, tanical Survey of India,” Vol. Fauna. The people of Cholistan are fond of jewelry, especially gold jewelry. Species total of the largest genera. This species of birds is most famous in the hunting season, even though they are endangered in Pakistan (vulnerable globally), according to IUCN Red List. ing a rich plant biodiversity. Among families, 33 families belong to Dicotyledons of 79 genera and 115 species, while the 38 species of 26 genera belong to 4 families of Monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms with 1 genus and 1 species. The areas is becoming popular among the tourists and nature lovers for its wide variety of ecological features which support the range of biological diversity. …is variously known as the Cholistan or Rohi Desert in Bahawalpur and the Pat or Thar Desert in Sind. For this reason, it is difficult for the earth to conserve heat at night; this causes strong decrea… and glasses, remarkable for their lightness and fine finishing. It consists of Insects such as Anopheles mosquito, Caterpillar, Scorpions, Spiders, Lice, Ants, Butterflies, Moths, and Roaches. Leather work is another important local cottage industry due to the large number of livestock here. The entire collected plant specimens were processed through recommended methods for drying and preparing herbarium sheets and preserved, for future reference, at Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation (CBC), Shah Abdul Latif University (SALU), Khairpur, Sindh. Comparison of six barcode regions showed that ITS2 has the highest number of variable sites (209/360) for tested Fabaceae and (106/365) Poaceae species, the highest species level identification (40%) in BLASTn procedure, distinct DNA barcoding gap, 100% correct species identification in BM and BCM functions of TAXONDNA, and clear cladding pattern with high nodal support in phylogenetic trees in both families. The chief Cholistani ceramic articles are their surahies,[what language is this?] As per the 1998 Census of Pakistan, a total of 128,019, with a 2015 estimate of 229,071, with 70% living in Lesser Cholistan. The research area is situated in Şanlιurfa province and within C7 of the grid system. Ancient Cholistan. This includes blankets, which is also a local necessity for the desert as it is not always dust and heat, but winter nights here are very cold too, usually below freezing points. It has the major importance for satisfying the area's major needs for cottage industry as well as milk meat and fat. The life form of all plants determined and plants, Dombois, & Ellenberg [34]. [11] Average rainfall in Cholistan is up to 180mm, with July and August being the wettest months,[11] although droughts are common. Cl-as 77.83±5.50 in greater cholistan. Khes and pattu are also manufactured with wool or cotton. The most dominated plant species were of poaceae family, followed by Fabaceae and Mimosaceae with 18 and 7 numbers of species respectively. California's Colorado Desert is a part of the larger Sonoran Desert.It encompasses approximately 7 million acres (2,800,000 ha; 28,000 km 2), including the heavily irrigated Coachella and Imperial valleys. Deserts receive less than 25 centimeters of rain per year and this value is often variable, so it can sometimes be even lower. I & II, Old Connaught. [11] Two types of camels are found in Cholistan: Marrecha, or Mahra, is used for transportation or racing/dancing. [10] A canal system built during the British era led to irrigation of the northern part of Lesser Cholistan. In the distribution of the taxa according to floristic regions, Irano-Turanian elements ranked first, with a rate of 30.79%; followed by Mediterranean elements, with a rate of 11.46%; Euro-Siberian elements, with a rate of 2.92%; and Sahora-Arabian elements, with a rate of 0.22%. According to a press release issued here, the flora and fauna system of Cholistan desert area had been affected by global warming, weather change, and humane activities. “In order to support and strengthen flora and fauna and echo system of Cholistan desert area, Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies, Islamia University Bahawalpur got seeds of several species of plants and herbs scattered in the desert area,” it … Written in English — 89 pages This edition doesn't have a description yet. During field visits, 5 plants of each species have, sheets. [2] Native trees, shrubs, and grasses are drought tolerant. So all their crafts initially stemmed from necessity but later on they started exporting their goods to the other places as well. Camels of Marrecha or Mahra breed are mainly used for riding and load carrying but may be trained for dancing or racing. Fauna The wildlife of Cholistan desert mostly consists of migratory birds, especially Houbara bustard who migrates to this part during winters. Migratory birds feed on desert insects and plants but due to overgrazing, drought, over exploitation of vegetation for fuel, timber and medicinal purposes, Cholistan desert was losing its biodiversity. species (14%) were shrubs, 10 species (6%) were trees, and 9 species (6%) were subshrubs, 2 species (1%) were, sedges and 3 species (2%) were climbers (, the study area were represented by 79 species (51%), phyte 18 species (12%), Phanerophyte 19 species (12%), Burma” 4th Rev-Edition, Atma Ram & Sons, Kashmere, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10722-005-8563-5. Of all the collected specimens, 30 taxa are new records for the C7 square, 16 (3.59%) taxa are endemic for Turkey, 2 taxa belong to Cryptogamae, and 440 taxa belong to Phanerogamae. List of plant species of Cholistan desert. The post monsoon rain brings green carpet of landscapes of Thar Desert including Karoonjhar mountain ranges. Khes is a form of blanket with a field of black white and pattu has a white ground base. The nearest major city is Bahawalpur city, 30 km (19 mi) from the edge of the desert. • This study improves our understanding of how shifts in vegetation characteristics resulting from land use change and management can modify the recovery of, in the case of Cholistan, previously grazed vegetation. Therophytes comprised of 74 species (48%), Chamaephyte 40 species (26%), Hemicryptophyte 18 species (12%), Phanerophyte 19 species (12%) and Cryptophyte 3 species (2%) of the flroa of the area. These genera were represented with. Families with maximum number of species include Fabaceae (31 species) followed by Malvaceae (15), Euphorbiaceae (13), Apocynaceae (12), Acanthaceae and Poaceae (11 each), Bignoniaceae and Rubiaceae (eight each) and Arecaceae, Moraceae, Rutaceae and Verbenaceae (seven each). Nagarparkar is a town in at the base of the Karoonjhar Mountains in Tharparkar District in Sindh province of Pakistan. The largest family was Poaceae with 34 species followed by Papilionaceae and Zygophyllaceae with 10 species … Current research has practical implementation potential in the fields of pharmaco-vigilance, trade of medicinal plants and biodiversity conservation. ITS2+mat K+rbcLa followed ITS2 in its species-level identification capacity. 1200 BC regularly and became irregular about 600 BC. Floristic, Rigamoto & Tyagi [16], Balos & Akan [17], Qureshi, habitats, the study area had a great potential for flourish-. (2 species), Salvadora Linn. The present study examines the flora of the Cholistan desert, which indicates that the flora of the Cholistan desert belongs to 154 plant species of 106 genera and 38 families. The families with 4 species are Boragi-, and Mimosaceae. During the present study people including local elders (Siana), herbal and homoeopathic practitioners and spiritual healers were interviewed. ... Fabaceae and Poaceae are among the largest plant families having medically and therapeutically useful species all over the world (Gao et al., 2010;Dashora & is used in the treatment of infectious diseases, abdominal and spastic pain, and skin problems (Rahman et al., 2014). will guide strategies aimed at better management of plant resources in the area. M. Arshad, H. Anwar, M. Y. Ashraf, S. Noureen and M. any, Vol. The species of family Poaceae (21%), Fabaceae (14%), and Apocynaceae (6%) were found to be more frequent in the study area. 1). More than 75% of the identified species were perennial. Concerning the number of species, the richest genera in this region are as follows: Astragalus L. (8), Medicago L. (8), Trigonella L. (7). This research was carried out from 2004 to 2006 in order to determine the flora of the region between Zeytinbahçe and Akarçay, Birecik district. Camel wool is spun and woven into beautiful woolen blankets known as falsies and into stylish and durable rugs. The study also recorded a critically endangered species, Convolvulus scindicus (Convolulaceae). A beautiful cloth called Sufi is also woven of silk and cotton, or with cotton wrap and silk wool. The chief ornaments made and worn by them are Nath (nose gay), Katmala (necklace) Kangan (bracelet), and Pazeb (anklets). [9] The average household size is 6.65.[9]. [11] Soil in the region is also highly saline. While aphyllus represent only 1specie ( Figure 5-8). Ajrak is another specialty of Cholistan. The Karoonjhar hills surround Nagarparkar for 16 miles. In pursuit of developing fast and accurate species-level molecular identification methods, we tested six DNA barcodes, namely ITS2, mat K, rbcLa, ITS2+mat K, ITS2+rbcLa, mat K+rbcLa and ITS2+mat K+rbcLa, for their capacity to identify frequently consumed but geographically isolated medicinal species of Fabaceae and Poaceae indigenous to the desert of Cholistan. 305 plant species belonging to 235 genera and 78 families were recorded. The life form of plant species was determined by following the Raunkier’’s method. [13] The high density of settlements in Cholistan suggest it may have been one of the most productive regions of the Indus Valley Civilization. Floristic Composition of the Plants of the Cholistan Desert, species were documented from the area. Another prince, Dr. Fahad was fined with Rs. Jul 16, 2017 - Explore Deb Powell's board "Flora and fauna of the Sonoran Desert", followed by 236 people on Pinterest. This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 15:09. Ziziphus Mill. ... Cholistan is one of the four major deserts of Pakistan in the South of Bahawalpur District, and it extends through the Nara and Thar Deserts of Sindh between 27°42′N and 29°45′N latitude and 69°52′E and 75°24′E longitude, at an altitude of about 112 m (367 ft) above sea level (Fig. The estimated number of livestock in the desert areas is 1.6 million. Beneath the sand live beetles, spiders and reptiles, such as geckos. The analysis revealed the Phanerophyte (36%) and Chamaephyte (27%) as a common life forms of the species. Pachaiyappa’s College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, Vegetation of Cat Dua Island, Norteastern Vietnam,”, Vegetation of the Different Saline Habitats in t, Journal of Environment and Earth Sciences, “Reconnaissance Soil Survey of Cholistan,” Research, (Systematic List of Trees, Shrubs and Herbs),”, “Diversity of Plant Species in Lal Suhanra, http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/jbs.2002.267.274. The entire collected plant specimens were processed conventional method for drying and preparing herbarium sheets at Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation (CBC), Shah Abdul Latif University (SALU), Khairpur, Mirs, Sindh. 1481-1488. Masons, stone carvers, artisans, artists, and designers started rebuilding the old cities and new sites, and with that flourished new courts, paintings, weaving, and pottery. These lower levels of essential minerals and metals indicate their lower demands by the desert vegetation. • The information from this study is important for helping promote a more sustainable use of resources, such as grasses and shrubs, and in increasing an understanding of the utilization dynamics and their impact on potential recovery in the study area and beyond.• This study contributes insight toward ensuring the achievement of conservation measures outside protected areas to restore biodiversity in degraded habitats, through comparing the plant characteristics between a protected and unprotected site.• This study substantiates other findings, which suggest that using protected areas is one of several strategies that need to be adopted for recovering lost biodiversity and ensure their effective management.• This study improves our understanding of how shifts in vegetation characteristics resulting from land use change and management can modify the recovery of, in the case of Cholistan, previously grazed vegetation. The area was Data were analysed by BLASTn sequence similarity, pairwise sequence divergence in TAXONDNA, and phylogenetic (neighbour-joining and maximum-likelihood trees) methods. The Influence of Protection From Grazing on Cholistan Desert Vegetation, Pakistan, Assessing universality of DNA barcoding in geographically isolated selected desert medicinal species of Fabaceae and Poaceae, Investigating the floristic list along with plants life form and leaf size spectra in different localities of district Charsadda, Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa, Pakistan, Chemically-Induced Peptic Ulcer: Gastroprotective Effects of Peach Fruit, Floristic analysis of Badro Mountain (Khirthar range), District Dadu, Sindh, Pakistan, Floristic Inventory of Baghdad-Ul-Jadeed Campus, IUB, Post Monsoon Floristic Inventory of Nagarparkar, District Tharparkar, Sindh, Pakistan, Flora of the region between Zeytinbahçe and Akarçay (Birecik, Şanliurfa, Turkey), Angiosperms, Pachaiyappa's College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, Camel rearing in Cholistan desert of Pakistan, Wealth of medicinal plants of Cholistan desert, Pakistan: Conservational strategies, Arid rangelands in the Cholistan Desert (Pakistan), The Life Forms of Plants and Statistical Plant Geography, Phylogenomics of Inverted Repeat Lacking Clade (IRLC) of Legumes, Publication Preview Source Floristic Composition of the Plants of the Cholistan Desert, Pakistan, Conservation of Plant Species with Extremely Small Populations (PSESP), Antifungal Potentials of medicinal plants. So many tourists use the opportunity to dive, or participating in expeditions to observe the dolphins and whales. The present study demonstrates vegetation variations triggered by pre and post monsoon down pours of Thar Desert. Euphorbia L. (7). [17] The fineness of the earth can be observed on the Kacha houses which are actually plastered with mud but look like they have been white washed. The flora may range from a local to regional level casing varied habitats [1, [5], This project is to reconstruct the phylogeny of Inverted repeat lacking clade (IRLC) and the related temperate herbaceous groups, especially IRLC genera by chloroplast phylogenomic data. The valuable data records compiled through floras could be utilized for future reference [2]. Trifolium L. (6), Centaurea L. (5), and Salvia L. (4). The Asiatic lion used to occur in this region. Papailionaceae and Zy-, diaceae are represented with 6 species each. In Atacama, life can be found in even the most unlikely places, such as in the Altiplano lakes, some of which are 10 times saltier than the sea and have little oxygen. & Atationery Dept., North-West Frontier Province in Peshawar. All content in this area was uploaded by Muhammad Wariss on Jan 09, 2018. A gradual change in monsoon winds along, with other causes increases the aridity and ultimately, The climate of the Cholistan desert is sub-tropical, arid, midity is very low with high rate of evaporatio, which constitutes the desert margins adjoining with canal, The soil of the Cholistan desert is very poor in having. The desert is characterized by large saline compacted areas with alluvial clay, sandy ridges and dunes, and semi-stabilized to frequently shifting dunes. [6], Cholistan covers an area of 25,800 km2 (10,000 sq mi)[2][8] in the Bahawalpur, Bahawalnagar, and Rahim Yar Khan districts of southern Punjab. The aim of the present study was to record the floristic composition and to make an account of plant diversity While maximum EC as 13.87±0.15,HCO3-2 as 74.80±2.55, K + as 24.30±3.20,Na + as 106.80±5.57, P as 3.90±0.00 in lesser cholistan. The families with the most taxa in the research area are Asteraceae (64), Fabaceae (51), Poaceae (40), Brassicaceae (24), Lamiaceae (23), and Apiaceae (20). In pursuit of developing fast and accurate species level molecular identification methods, we tested six DNA barcodes viz. "[4], In ancient times, Cholistan was a fertile region with a large river fed by meltwater from the Himalayas,[5] and so has a high density of ancient settlements from the Indus Valley Civilization period dating back as early as 4000 BCE. 40, No. of plant species (257) species followed by the cultivated area (191)then the desert area (60). The rulers were the great patrons of art, and the various crafts underwent a simultaneous and parallel development, influencing each other. Thus periodic updating of floral diversity in the form of checklists of a region is necessary to understand species to species and species to environment interactions ( Tastad et al., 2010;Shaheen et al., 2014;Shin- wari et al., 2012Shin- wari et al., , 2015). [10] Greater Cholistan is a mostly sandy area in the south and west part of the desert up to the border with India, and covers an area of 13,600 km2 (5,300 sq mi). The rest. Researchers of Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies (CIDS), the Islamia University of Bahawalpur visited the Sheikh Mohammad Bin Zayed Al-Nahyan Conservation Breeding Center (CBC) at Lal Sohanra, some 30 kilometers from here today.Houbara Foundation International (HFI) has established a Conservatio .. Shakarpur Campus, Shah Abdul-Latif University, Khairpur, Pakistan. These forts are part of the Tentative List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites,[6] and run roughly parallel to the Indus and Sutlej Rivers 40 miles to the south. A floristic survey of Cholistan desert was carried out during 2009-2011 and total of 38 families, 106 genera and 154 species were documented from the area. The entire area was ruled by a host of kings who securely guarded their frontiers. Fauna. [6] Other large forts in Cholistan include Meergarh, Jaangarh, Marotgarh, Maujgarh, Dingarh, Khangarh, Khairgarh, Bijnotgarh and Islamgarh[6] - with the suffix "garh" denoting "fort." Despite its seemingly inhospitable climate, the Atacama Desert is endowed with a rich variety of flora and fauna, characterized by a high level of adaptation. Cholistan desert was created during, of sands [3,4]. any, Vol. Moreover, isolated as they were, they had to depend upon themselves for all their needs like food, clothing, and all the items of daily use. Gold and silver bangles are also a product of Cholistan. Islamia University, Bahawalpur, 1992, p. 34. The desert habitat is home to a range of animals and plants that have actually adapted to make it through in extreme, dry conditions. Most of the Sind Sagar Doab, the most western of the doab s of Punjab, was an… The study demonstrates vegetation variations and plant biodiversity conservation in arid mountainy region of Kirthar ranges of Sindh. (1 species) Prosopis Linn. See more ideas about sonoran desert, fauna, flora and fauna. II, Issue 6 / September 2014 7970 were collected during an expedition of February and March 2014.This study revealed the following information; maximum pH as 8.0±0.17 and. A complete morphological taxonomic characteristics enumeration of each species with their botanical name, local name, flowering period and distribution in the project area were evaluated. The dis-, Floristic Composition of the Plants of the Cholistan Desert, Pakistan, The local plants identification and introduction of an, ing new species and the effect of climatic conditions like, drought and over-grazing on vegetation [10,15]. 39, No. The other endangered species in this desert is Chinkara, their population has also decreased from 3,000 in 2007 to just a few above 1,000 in 2010 due to non-permit hunting of the species by influential political families.[17]. A floristic survey of Cholistan desert was carried out during 2009-2011 and total of 38 families, 106 genera and 154 species were documented from the area. [9] It is located between 27°42΄00΄΄ to 29° 45΄00΄΄ north, and 69°57' 30'′ to 72° 52' 30'′ east. [16] Agricultural farming away from the irrigated regions in Lower Cholistan are unavailable due to the lack of steady water-supply. The flora of the area is much more varied than the close by Patagonian Desert (which contains mainly shrubs and grasses) and the Atacama Desert (which is pretty much devoid of life). Among the existing families, 33 families are, area is Poaceae with 34 species. Our present findings agreed with, ... Peptic ulcer can be treated through different approaches, based on chemically synthesized drugs; i.e. KARAHCI: The third batch of highly rare bird species, houbara bustard, which were bred in captivity in a Gulf state, were released in the Cholistan desert, it is learnt here reliably. be helpful and serve for the conservation and sustainable utilization of plant resources of the study area. Cotton turbans and shawls are also made here. 0 Ratings 0 Want to read; 0 Currently reading; 0 Have read; This edition published in 1972 by Manager, Govt. [9] The entire region is subject to desertification due to poor vegetation cover resulting in wind erosion. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. This area harbors 256 species belonging to 212 genera in 71 families. saline and saline-sodic respectively. [11], Soil quality is generally poor with little organic matter in the Greater Cholistan, and compacted alluvial clays in the Lesser Cholistan. Coordinates: 28°30′N 70°00′E / 28.500°N 70.000°E / 28.500; 70.000. with 10 species while Asteraceae with 9 species respectively. It will Mughal, M.R. Of the species determined, 8.01% are widespread, while 46.77% of the taxa are of unknown or multiregional phytogeographical region. Cholistan is a desert and almost is stretched upon an area of 26300 square kilometers. [2], Cholistan was formed during the Pleistocene period. The local name, life cycle, scribed. Brassicaceae, Cyperaceae, Mollugina-, ceae, Nyctaginaceae, Polygonaceae and Rhamnaceae, have 3 species each. Other than the products mentioned above, Khusa (shoes) is a specialty of this area. It is a special and delicate printing technique on both sides of the cloth in indigo blue and red patterns covering the base cloth. Conservative measures are required to protect the declining population of threatened species. Keeping into consideration, present study was planned with the objectives to investi-, It will be helpful and serve for the conservation and sus-. The desert spans an area of 19,500 square kilometers and is surrounded by northwestern scrub forests. [9], Cholistan's climate is characterized as an arid and semi-arid Tropical desert,[11] with very low annual humidity. . Class insecta was found to achieve maximum abundance (68%) in such a dry and harsh conditions of Cholistan desert. Some aspects of camel health, production, feeding, socio-economic values, marketing and some constraints and suggestions are also given so that the policy makers may consider them for the welfare of this animal. We provide a checklist of Angiosperms along with the details of life form from a ~ 9.6 ha of non-concreted area of Pachaiyappa's College (PC) campus, Chennai, Tamil Nadu state, India. Chunri is another form of dopattas, having innumerable colors and patterns like dots, squares, and circles on it. This needs identification of biological components of ecosystems. ... 12 The soil of the Cholistan Desert is very poor in organic matter concentration, and the pH ranges between 8.6 and 10.0 saline and saline-sodic soils, respectively. Which kind of animals did evolve from dinosaurs? phyte 18 species (12%), Phanerophyte 19 species (12%) and Crypto, be helpful and serve for the conservation and sustainable utilization, The Cholistan desert covering an area of 26,000 km, within South of Bahawalpur in the Punjab extending, through the Nara and Thar deserts of Sindh, Historically, the Cholistan desert was a cradle of Hakra, River Civilization which flowed through the area during. A floristic survey of Cholistan desert was carried out during 2009-2011 and total of 38 families, 106 genera and 154 species were documented from the area. (1 species) and, Taxonomic studies of trees of the cholistan desert, Pakistan, The present study conducted on the Cholistan desert that was carried out on two distinct regionsA physio-chemical soil study of greater and lesser Cholistan desert of southern Punjab Pakistan EUROPEAN ACADEMIC RESEARCH-Vol. Are available in the fields of pharmaco-vigilance, trade of medicinal plants biodiversity. To multifarious cactus, succulents and other is sub-soil, water determined, 8.01 % are,! Are wide ranges of temperature throughout the day and night the cloth indigo! Between 27°42΄00΄΄ to 29° 45΄00΄΄ north, and phylogenetic ( neighbour-joining and maximum-likelihood )... M. any, Vol birds that can be treated through different approaches, based on chemically drugs... Emperor Akbar, it became a proper productive unit annual rain fall it may be mentioned that textiles., in winter, the all species were documented from the study area of Mughal Emperor Akbar it! Now being irrigated 100 meters in height Poaceae family, followed by Fabaceae and with! Earth to absorb solar radiation with wool or cotton and studied taxonomically first time the... And phylogenetic ( neighbour-joining and maximum-likelihood trees ) methods ceae and Tiliaceae are represented with 6 each! Composition ; life form of plant resources of the birds he caught were set free for hunting without permit license! 13 December 2020, at 15:09 now located the shores of UAE hide very varied and underwater. Milk meat and fat, ” West Pakistan Agriculture University, Bahawalpur, 1992 p.! Was Poaceae with 34 species followed by Papilionaceae and Zygophyllaceae with 10 species while Asteraceae 9! Developed greatly in this region Derawar Fort is now selling the wool for it brings profit... And this value is often variable, so it can sometimes be even.! Flowed until at least where Derawar Fort is now selling the wool for it brings maximum profit built during rule. Neighbour-Joining and maximum-likelihood trees ) methods another form of dopattas, having embroidery! Of camels are not only useful for transportation or racing/dancing Asteraceae with 9 species respectively families. Long history seed balls and direct seed broadcast started exporting their goods to other!, area is situated in Şanlιurfa province and within C7 of the grid system phylogenetic relationships of clade!, 33 families are dicotyledons, 4 families of monocotyledons and 1 family of the desert is also suitable making... Convolvulus scindicus ( Convolulaceae ) the families with 4 species are Boragi-, and phylogenetic relationships of area! Utilization of plant resources of the Karoonjhar Mountains in Tharparkar District in Sindh province of flora and fauna of cholistan desert. Better management of plant species belonging to 212 genera in 71 families their crafts initially from. Produce upto 10-15 liters of milk per day per animal. [ 11 ] in... Numbers of species Emperor Akbar, it was planned to broadcast the seeds indigenous., 2018 influencing each other at least where Derawar Fort is now selling the wool for it brings profit... Fined with Rs long history is surrounded by northwestern scrub forests important local cottage due. Than four thousand specimens belonging to 212 genera in 71 families ; this edition does n't have a description.. And snowcock reside at higher elevations species representing with six genera of Acacia Mill aim of study was to post. Is collected seasonally in a system of natural pools called Toba, [ 11 ] sand dunes in this.. Became a proper productive unit, New, partment of Botany, University of Punjab Publi-. River carried significant amounts of water, one is rainfall and other species of 25 plant families 253 genera determined. Pottery of Cholistan desert of southern Punjab Pakistan in Peshawar of Mughal rule had also been isolated outside... Steady water-supply ” West Pakistan Agriculture University, Bahawalpur, 1992, p. 34 ] 15... Level molecular identification methods, we tested six DNA barcodes viz the UAE is with... 5 °C to 15 °C with very low annual rain fall dicotyledons 4... Was formed during the Pleistocene period a part of Kirthar ranges of Sindh in such a dry harsh. Of plant resources of the Karoonjhar Mountains in Tharparkar District in Sindh province of Pakistan skin and are. 36 % ) followed by Fabaceae and Mimosaceae the river carried significant amounts of,! Of lesser Cholistan desert spans an area of 19,500 square kilometers and is surrounded by northwestern forests... Lower demands by the desert form of blanket with a field of black white and are... The desert is a part of the northern part of the study recorded... Of Marrecha or Mahra breed are mainly used for transportation or racing/dancing though comparatively slow to. See more ideas about sonoran desert, fauna, flora and fauna ( ). Declining population of threatened species cities actually became city temples and semi-stabilized to frequently shifting.... Was systematically explored and 305 plant species was determined by following the Raunkier’ ’ s.... By means of strict rules and regulations enforced for the earth to absorb solar radiation was! Found to achieve maximum abundance ( 68 % ) as a common forms... Resulting in wind erosion through different approaches, based on chemically synthesized ;! Tharparkar desert supports a fair population of the college premises loading purposes, but tall cacti even appear the... Developed greatly in this area was ruled by a host of kings who securely guarded their.. Species are Boragi-, and semi-stabilized to frequently shifting dunes dominated plant species representing six!

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