Nowadays cellulose and cellulose based polymers have gained agreat popularity in pharmaceutical industries and become more and more important in this field owing to production of the new derivatives and finding new applications for existed compounds by pharmaceutical researchers. Molecularly Imprinted Polymer Based Sensors for Medical Applications. 7. to achieve stent shapes. Herein, we reviewed structure, isolation, reaction and applications of hemicellulose. It is also used as filler in the tablets. The application of conducting polymers at the interface with biology is an exciting new trend in organic electronics research. encapsulation for controlled release in the body. SPECIFIC POLYMERS proposes a wide range of polymers designed specifically for use in biomedical applications. How to cite this article: Ibrahim I, Sadiku E, Jamiru T, Hamam A, Kupolati W. Applications of Polymers in the Biomedical Field. In 1930s, polyamide, polyester, polyethylene were prepared in different forms (rigid, soft, fibers, adhesives, etc) for several applications (filling, implant, sutures, etc). Mahmoud H Romeih. Polymers used in medical device manufacturing must be sterilizable, resistant to contamination, and have acceptably low levels of toxicity. Zhang et al., (2011) composed composites of PLA / octa-decyl amine functionalized Nano-diamond (ND-ODA) and use in tissue engineering 23. Biodegradable Polymers for Medical Applications Anezka Lengalova , 1 Alenka Vesel , 2 Yakai Feng , 3 and Vitor Sencadas 4 1 Centre of Polymer Systems, Tomas Bata University in Zlín, 760 01 Zlín, Czech Republic It is a versatile plastic that has been used in medical applications for over 50 years. procedures where high loads are involved. High performance polymers like PEEK are particularly notable, as their excellent physical properties ensure they can fit into many applications. APPLICATION OF POLYMER IN MEDICAL Dental Application: In 19th century, gutth-percha was used for filling. (b) must be effective in terms of functionality, durability, and performance (c) must be interfacial, mechanically and biologically biocompatible and (d) sterilizable through different techniques like autoclave, dry heating, electron beam irradiation etc. • In medicine, biodegradable polymers offer great potential for controlled drug delivery and wound management (e.g., adhesives, sutures, and surgical meshes), for orthopedic devices (screws, pins, and rods), and for dental applications (filler after a tooth extraction) and tissue engineering, just to name the most important. Glutaraldehyde hydrogels, polycyanoacrylates, and polyalkylene oxides are used as hemostatic materials and are used in wool, dressing, powder, and sprays for stopping bleeding. large molecule or a macromolecule which essentially is a combination of many subunits Natural polymers may have advantages such as they are non-allergic, non-toxic, antiviral, fungistatic, and may provide bioactive sites etc. For medical applications, a polymer should have the following properties: (a) bio-safe and non-toxic which means that it should be non-carcinogenic, non-teratogenic, non-mutagenic, non-cytotoxic, non-pyrogenic, nonhemolytic, non-allergenic and chronically non-inflammative etc. Hydrolysis is the most important degradation mode for PLA polymers used for medical applications. Natural polymers are obtained from living organisms and more biocompatible. applications during the healing process in the human body have involved sutures and suture anchors, screws, staples, pins, 2 Polymers for Biomedical Applications. Polyethyleneimine and polymer based hydrogels are used as matrix for tissue culture in the form of sponge, mesh, nonwoven fabrics, and tubes. Syringes, medical trays, statures, beauty aid products etc. Others, coming from a more mechanical background will still find the book very useful owing to the number of concise comparisons of the materials within the various classes which will facilitate material selection and design of biomedical technologies. This section of Polymer Applications under Polymers is a right channel to publish all types of applications related to polymeric materials and their composites. Synthetic polymers have advantages such as easy manufacturing, high process ability, low cost of production but they also have disadvantages such as nonrenewable, have poor resistance to UV and ozone sometimes rejected by host body. Required fields are marked *. ... of Medical … The use of new polymers for medical textile application has increased rapidly over the past quarter of century. Chitosan is used as hemostatic material to stop bleeding and is obtained from exoskeleton of marine animals such as crabs, shrimps etc. TOPAS medical grade polymers have exceptional moisture barrierproperties, and resist permeation by other substances as well, as noted above. Advanced Functional Polymers for Biomedical Applications presents novel techniques for the preparation and characterization of functionalized polymers, enabling researchers, scientists and engineers to understand and utilize their enhanced functionality in a range of cutting-edge biomedical applications. Lively vignettes provide snapshots of polymers in everyday applications. From surgical sutures to monitoring systems used in medical applications are made from polymers of various grades. Antimicrobial membranes are used in many medical technologies, and are produced by incorporating nanoparticles or microparticles of silver or other metals into polymers. applications and achieve some advantages of nanostruc-tured materials. More advanced devices are used to partially or entirely replace or assist in functioning of a vital organ like lung, kidney, liver, heart etc. Biodegradable Polymers for Medical Applications Anezka Lengalova , 1 Alenka Vesel , 2 Yakai Feng , 3 and Vitor Sencadas 4 1 Centre of Polymer Systems, Tomas … ... is an extensively studied polymer in the field of controlled drug delivery. PDEAAm has a low value of LCST (a critical temperature below which the components of a solution with any composition are miscible) in the range of 25–32°C, which is near to normal body temperature. Popular thermosetting polymes like butyl The application of polymeric materials in medicine is a fairly specialized area with a wide range of specific applications and requirements. DOI: 10.19080/CTBEB.2017.04.555650 00103 Current rends in Biomedical ngineering Biosciences Stimuli-responsive polymers are classified according to their behaviour in response to the environment and on the basis of their structural properties. The research is still continuous in search of better biopolymers with more biocompatibility, better mechanical properties, and longer shelf life. Not only have polymers replaced many old applications in medicine such as the shift from metal catheters to those made of polyethylene, but also they have opened the door for new applications that no other material would permit. 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