A theory stating that the eukaryotes evolved through a process where different types of free-living prokaryotes became incorporated inside larger eukaryotic cells and eventually developed into mitochondria, chloroplasts, and possibly other organelles. a. flagella b. It is able to take in DNA from surroundings. Range from unicellular to multicellular (1M) seaweeds. form on the surface of a club shaped cell called a basidium. Have a gene that codes for an enzyme that makes DNA from RNA.This is called reverse transcriptase RNA --> DNA, this is also called RNA-dependent DNA polymerase. A woman who died of cervical cancer. Projecting from its envelope are numerous protein spikes. Cells generally decrease internal entropy and increase external entropy levels. Conquer your course and sign up for free today! At which bacterial growth stage would it be best to consume yogurt in order to maximize the health benefits? Microbiology MCQ â 01 (Basics of Microbiology â Part 1) 1. Causes skin infections such as pimples and boils. April 14th, 2018 - What is medical microbiology Final Exam May 12 at 5 30 in the exam questions will be based on the material presented in lecture or covered in take home''med brown edu april 25th, 2018 - name medical microbiology examâbacteriology block may 11 2001 instructions l fill in name and count pagesâthere should be x questions 2' paralytic disease known as poliomyelitis. Virus that attacks bacteria, has double stranded DNA, permanent infections with recurring outbreaks, casuses "serum hepatitis," with liver damage and jaundice(transmitted like HIV; unprotected sex and shared I.V. Microbiology gives the learner an insight into how cells work. Okazaki fragments are associated with the _________ strand that demonstrates discontinuous nucleotide synthesis. are formed by fragmentation of septet hyphae. Study Tarrant County College Medical Microbiology 2420 flashcards and notes. Microbiology Exam 2 by lmv9bf3614 , Oct. 2007 Subjects: and animal arthropods bateriology bergey carolus cont curve cycle environmental flat genetic genetics growth helminthes life linnaes lysogenic lytic manual measuring microbiology mutations needs nomenclature of pathway round scientific systematic transfer The RBCs in the blood agar may be lysed during growth of other nonfastidious bacteria. What type of recombination requires long stretches of DNA sequence homology? causes amoebic dysentery when cysts are ingested in fecal-contaminated water or food. Primary bacterium involved in plague formation and initiation of dental caries(cavities). Elongated shapes are freshwater and non-elongated are marine habitat. Repeated bronchial lavage (washing) was attempted in a futile bid to clear airway secretions. (2 pts) Which two of the following contribute to the opportunistic and infectious nature of bacteria? This is the lysogenic cycle, meaning at any time the lytic cycle could happen. Why are barophiles a relatively newly discovered group of microorganisms? The laboratory technician took a very small but exact volume of urine and spread it onto agar medium. Anaerobically growing bacteria can grow in which type of medium? electron microscopes were developed in the 1940's and 1950's, 1. Mainly found in Africa, Asia, and South America, especially in areas with freshwater snail, which carry the parasite. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Her cancer cells were collected just before she died, in 1951. Used in make up products as well, like face masks. Usually in a freshwater habitat. Causes Gas Gangrene. Blood samples were obtained and sent for bacteriological culture. This means there is no new generation, just genetic exchange between two existing cells. These cells are called HeLa cells, and have been multiplying for 66 years! Causes Schistosomiasis, the second most socioeconomically devastating parasitic disease after malaria; a chronic(long-term) illness that can damage internal organs and, in children, impair growth and cognitive development. A cell that uses an organic carbon source and obtains energy from light would be called... How many endospores are produced by a vegetative cell? Generally speaking, prokaryotic cells tend to have a _______ DNA genome and eukaryotic cells tend to have a ______ DNA genome. When a cell line is said to be competent, what is unique to it as compared to noncompetent cell lines? Facultative anaerobes can both respire and ferment, whereas aerotolerant anaerobes only ferment. Choose from 500 different sets of lecture exam 2 microbiology medical flashcards on Quizlet. Microbiology Test 2 - 24 cards; Microbiology Test 2 Chaps 8,9,11-13 - 100 cards; Microbiology test 2 OSU - 40 cards; Microbiology Test 3 Chaps 14-17 - 62 cards; Microbiology Test 4 Chaps 18-21 - 91 cards; Microbiology Test 5 B - 51 cards; Microbiology test two - 186 cards; Microbiology Test 1 Campbell - 130 cards; Microbiology Test 2 - 157 cards The correct term used to refer to a viral genome which has integrated into a bacterial cell chromosome is.. A bacterium takes in DNA from its surroundings then incorporates that DNA into its genome. Microbiology Test #2 Study Guide. microbiology exam 1 questions Flashcards and Study Sets . Study Flashcards On Microbiology Lab Exam 1 at Cram.com. This kind of mutation is a(n)... A _______ mutation is one that occurs within the coding sequence of a gene and involves the insertion or deletion of a nucleotide. What process is this? Contain chlorophyll A + phycobilins. For the electron carrier nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, NAD+ is a/an __________ form that gets ______ to NADH. This yeast undergoes alcohol fermentation. Because of its slow reproductive rate, it takes several weeks to reach a critical mass of bacteria so that you know you are sick. each of the branching filaments that make up the mycelium of a fungus. A capsulated diplococcus with pili that causes Gonorrhea. A _________ mutation is one that occurs within the coding sequence of a gene but does NOT alter the identity of the amino acid that corresponds to the codon. live in a deep marine habitat. They always cause a change to an organism's genotype. Causes cholera, an acute intestinal illness transmitted by fecal contaminated food or water containing the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. With no cell wall, it has no definite shape. Eukaryotic, includes yeast, molds, and mushrooms. In 1951, two women with CF developed acute respiratory distress. Mostly marine(ocean water), are unicellular. Jackie, a healthy 32-year-old female, arrived at an urgent-care clinic during her vacation in Hot Springs, Arkansas, where she enjoyed sitting in the hot springs with her family. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. Chemicals that remove oxygen can be found in which media? form inside a 'sac' (elongated cell) call an ascus. The next day, several different types of bacterial colonies were visible on the agar plate. Hyaluronidase, which breaks down hyaluronic acid in loose(areolar) connective tissues. Chapter â 3: Sterilization, culture media and pure culture techniques.. Chapter â 4: Genral properties of micro-organisms. (Botox is used to relax facial wrinkle muscles). Enzyme responsible for breaking the hydrogen bonding of the parental double helix during DNA replication. Microbiology Exam 1 Name_____ 1/30/07 1. Each basidium produces four (4) basidiospores, although all 4 may not be visible. My greatest hobby is to teach and motivate other peoples to do whatever they wanna do in life. 1. People can get paralytic shellfish poisoning from eating raw oysters harvested from red tide waters. Requiring intimate cell-cell contact, _____ among living members of mixed species in biofilms is one way that antibiotic resistance spreads. From their chest X-rays, they were diagnosed as having an infectious bronchopneumonia. (1 pt) Who was the first person to observe bacteria using a microscope? Not a real classification category, but no more like a junk drawer. are all multicellular. crystalized TMV and found that it was still infectious! ... Popular Study Materials from Medical Microbiology 200. final exam; microbiology test 2; final exam lectures; medmi 200 study guide (2014-15 watson/valarie) final; micb; exam 2 - viral id; exam 4; exam 3 skin and eye infections; Some were red; others were white. Learn microbiology exam 1 with free interactive flashcards Microbiology exam 2 quizlet. The slope of log phase will be less steep. Bluish pigments called chlorophyll a. smaller symbiotic partners living inside a host organism, establishing endosymbiosis. All types of RNA are created during a process called _______, but only one kind is interpreted as codons by the ribosome to make a protein. After 24 hours of incubation, the clinical microbiologist found large numbers of Escherichia coli colonies (a Gram-negative bacillus), equivalent to 100,000 bacteria per milliliter of the patient's urine. Chemical potential energy that was initially contained within C-C bonds of glucose is conserved in which molecule(s)? Studies, courses, subjects, and textbooks for your search ... Lewis's Medical-Surgical Nursing Diane Brown, Helen Edwards, Lesley Seaton, Thomas Buckley. Viewed as an opportunistic infection. The production of RNA complementary to a DNA template is known as ___________. He had no nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea. 98% mortality rate. In which growth phase are bacteria susceptible to antibiotics? Microbiology covers the scope and sequence requirements for a single-semester microbiology course for non-majors. Professors from Microbiology 1420. "Pseudohyphae" are distinguished from true hyphae by their method of growth, relative frailty and lack of cytoplasmic connection between the cells. Medicine to treat Schistosomiasis, a single oral dose taken annually, Tape worms are parasites in the small intestines of all types of vertebrae animals. Largest most diverse group of algae. ___________ are circular extrachromosomal DNA constructs that are usually smaller than the bacterial chromosome. A change in pathogenicity of a bacterium as a result of its infection with a temperate bacteriophage as a prophage. Many are edible. Lecture 01 Microbes are Everywhere Lecture 02 Microscopy Lecture 03 Cell Structure and Function part 1 Lecture 04 Cell Structure and Function Part II Lecture 05 Metabolic Diversity Lecture 06 Metabolic Evolution Lecture 07 Viral Life Cycles Lecture 08 Microbial Growth Lecture 09 Control of Microorganisms â¦ Grow underground in France, Italy, Croatia, and Slovenia. Study Flashcards On Microbiology Exam 2 Study Guide at Cram.com. Has NO contractile vacuole and NO big food vacuoles, because it feeds off of already processed foods. Upon examination, the patient screamed in severe pain when the clinician pressed on his lower right abdomen. A urinalysis revealed that she had a urinary tract infection (leukocytes and Gram-negative bacteria were seen), and she was therefore prescribed broad-spectrum antibiotics. Can get this when patient is immune-compromised, and or following broad spectrum antibiotic use. When a prophage injects DNA into a bacterium and it becomes apart of the cells DNA. Which repair pathway removes a normal base that was incorrectly paired with the template base during DNA synthesis? causes lung damage known as tuberculosis (TB) with calcified tubercles, causes disfiguring leprosy (Hanson's disease), is a soil bacterium that was the original source of the antibiotic Streptomycin. a. Disinfection b. Pasteurization c. Sterilization d. Antisepsis. Such a regular component of the human intestinal flora, that many European countries use it as their standard conform indicator of fecal water pollution in the same way we use E. coli in the U.S. (Vancomycin Resistant Enterococcus) has emerged as a significant, antibiotic resistant, nosocomial pathogen. A large phagocytic cell found in stationary form in the tissues or as a mobile white blood cell, especially at sites of infection. gp120 end matches the CD4 receptor found on T helper lymphocytes and macrophages. Chapter â 5: Bacterial nutrition. Is a normal flora yeast that is an opportunist. The pedagogical features of the text make the material interesting and accessible while maintaining the career-application focus and scientific rigor inherent â¦ Parasitic like- manifesting in the cell, replicating, using its resources and then lysing the cell to find another cell, The sporozoan that causes malaria. Production of toxin and gas causes myonecrosis and pressure leading to sepsis in an anaerobic environment such as ischeme tissues with reduced blood flow and oxygen supply. A leathery 'pseudomembrane' of fibrin and dead cells obstructs the throat airway. are eukaryotic, ingestive chemoheterotrophs, have no cell wall, are "animal like", unicellular, most are aquatic and referred to as zoo plankton. Robert, a 21-year-old software salesman from Dallas, Texas, presented to the Parkland Hospital emergency room with 3 days of cramping pain in the midgastric and lower abdominal areas. A subsequent exploratory laparoscopy, in which a small incision is used to perform surgery and minimize scarring, revealed a grossly inflamed appendix that released a liter of pus when removed. Independant cells fuse, no special reproductive cells are made. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Dental disease is the most prevalent and costly infectious diseases in the United States. A common fungus that can be found in indoor outdoor environments. Learn bio exam 2 microbiology biology 2420 with free interactive flashcards. Roundworms, they're dioecious, meaning having separate male and female bodies. Virus that is existing but not yet activated. Unicellular, filaments, colonial, multicellular. A region of DNA with the sequence 5' GGCATCAF 3' is mutated to 5' GGCTTCAG 3'. Causes diphtheria (a vaccine-preventable disease). are worms, parasitic. The enzymes will function more slowly than usual. Great for teachers and students. After visiting another urgent-care clinic in her hometown, Jackie's urine was cultured. Causes bacillary dysentery. Hyphae that is growing left and right, horizontally. club shaped fungus cell, each basidium produces four (4) basidiospores. Causes ergot disease of rye. Eventually break off at ends. having hooks/suckers, Flatworms that are monoecious, but don't fertilize their own eggs! Viruses that are not enveloped are called.. Microbiology MCQ â 02. ... sets of exam questions medical microbiology flashcards on Quizlet. The infection will take some time to become noticeable because the bacteria are in which phase? 2. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! Give it a shot and see how high your absorption level is. Produce bacteriocins (chemicals that kill off harmful bacteria). Delayed cytokinesis with many cells in one(multiple fission)-Asexual reproduction. Used for filtration, is a fine abrasive, used in reflective highway paint. 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