The smooth bark may have patterned depressions caused by chunks of bark falling off (photo 1030). Early travellers assumed that the tree colour indicated that they were responsible for the spreading of malaria and it was only later discovered that mosquitoes were the responsible agents. The single Stigma has 1 filiform (thread or filament like) Style. Leaves fold closed at night or in very dry conditions. The powdery bark is greenish-yellow. Keith Coates Palgrave Trees of Southern Africa, edn 3. They can puncture tires and shoes. (Jan-Apr). Coates Palgrave, M. 2002. Long Description: This large sized deciduous tree is fast growing in the sun or semi-shade.It also grows well in a swampy, low lying areas and clay soils. It is generally seen as a fungus infection. It is a beautiful tree with its golden bark and long white thorns. It has also become a landscape tree in other warm climates, outside of its natural range. Related Links. Family: Fabaceae or Leguminosae. This Tree became well known after the publication of the Just so Stories for children by Rudyard Kipling. Here the lobes are a bright red (photo 724). The XanthRemover is very easy to apply. This pod dehisces on both sides and may break into segments. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. They are smaller and less common on older trees. Lichen is an organism that is made up of fungus and algae living together. Pooley’s Trees of eastern South Africa. Botanical Research Institute. Branches tend to point upwards (photos 781 & 276). Previously known as Acacia xanthophloea, this is a semi-deciduous to deciduous tree with an open rounded to spreading crown. get reddit premium. Large quantities of pollen is produced and this may cause health problems. The impressive trunk diameter in the photo taken at Lowveld Botanical Gardens is close to 1m wide. Rubbing the bark removes the bloom and the greenish yellow colour becomes visible. The tree is somewhat deciduous and not densely leafy. Avenue of Vachellia xanthophloea - Cape Town The brown Seeds have a typical light “U” shape on the surface, which is just visible in photo 123. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. login. Trees and Shrubs Mozambique. מגדיר צמחי הבר של ארץ ישראל.Study of wild plants of the holy land, Israel In the genus Vachellia the inflorescence is capitate (head like) and spinescent stipules are present. Vachellia xanthophloea is a tree in the family Fabaceae, commonly known in English as the fever tree. Acacia xanthophloea. Constrictions between seeds are usually small. The genus name Vachellia is named a after George Harvey Vachell (1789 – 1839), chaplain to the British East India Company in Macoa, who collected plants in China. Bees are probably the main agent of Pollination. There is a single pistil (a unit of the Gynoecium, the female element of the flower, composed of the Ovary, Style and Stigma) and the Ovary is superior. Acacia xanthophloea resists damage well. Balkema, Amsterdam, Cape Town. (Pea, bean or legume family). After the Orchidaceae and the Asteraceae, the Fabaceae is the third largest Angiosperm (flowering plants) family with 700+ genera and close to 20 000 species. Young Branches (photo 259) are yellow with a touch of red. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. If you would like to support this site, please consider, http://www.york.ac.uk/res/celp/webpages/projects/ecology/tree%20guide/introduction.htm, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Infection is encouraged / enhanced by maintaining a moist / dark environment in the infected area. In the genus Senegalia – stipules are not spinescent and the inflorescence is usually a spike. & Schmidt, E. 2018. The long straight white thorns are arranged in pairs and although they are very significant on young trees they often become barely noticeable on mature specimens [ 295 Ubulawu is a term for plants that cause visionary and prophetic dreams, and allow one to connect with and receive messages from the ancestors and spiritual world. See more. These taller than wide Trees (photo 276) range up to 30m high and have big spreading branches. Stipules (basal appendage of the petiole) are spinescent, with white, straight spines that are usually slender and up to 8+cm long (photos 256, 05 & 50). Both leaves and the sulphur yellow-green bark can photosynthesise. Xanthoparmelia is a type of lichen. send a private message. Xanthoparmelia is used to make medicine. Vachellia xanthophloea (Benth.) Vachellia xanthophloea é uma espécie de leguminosa do gênero Vachellia, pertencente à família Fabaceae.. Referências xanthophloea 1 post karma 0 comment karma. Foden, W. & Potter, L. 2005. van Wyk, B. Vachellia xanthophloea 4500-litres. The fruit is a yellowish brown, non-splitting pod. Hurter is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Vachellia (family Leguminosae). Common names: (A) Fever Treea, Geeldoring, Geeldoringboom, Geel-doringboom, Koorsboom, (E) Fever Tree, Sulphur Bark, Sulphur Tree, Sulphur-bark, Sulphur-bark Thorn, (NS) Mooka-kwena, More-o-mosetlha, Mosehla, (TS) Nkelenga , (TW) More O Mosetlha, (V) Munzhelenga, Muunga-gwena, (Z) Umdlovune, Umhlofunga, Umhlosinga, Umkhanya-gude, Umkhanyakude. P.J.H.Hurter. Ken Fern, Fruit is a non- sickle shaped pod up to 13cm long. There are Glands on the upper side of the grooved Rachis (axis bearing flowers or leaflets) between the top pairs of pinnae. Regular flowers usually have 4-5 sepals and the same number of petals. It is usually straight or slightly curved. Flowers are vertically divisible into similar halves by more than 1 plane passing through the axis). Besides its rather unique and famous lime to yellowish green bark, it is an impressive and stately tree, growing up to 25 or 30 m tall. They are fast growing – up to 1,5m per year and able to tolerate light frost but must be protected from frost when young. It makes an excellent ornamental for tropical climates. Verified Email. Vachellia xanthophloea, Acacia xanthophloea Family: Fabaceae Subfamily: Mimosoideae Fever tree Origin: South Africa. The bipinnate Leaves have spinescent stipules. This elongates after the pollen has been shed. Schmidt, S. Lotter, M. & McCleland, W. 2002. Ross, J. H. A conspectus of the African Acacia Species. The name xantorrhea was obtained because of the yellow resin, which the plant secrets with damage to the stem. It is one of the trees that was previously known as an acacia (although the genus name was recently changed to Vachellia – named after Rev. Damaged bark turns black (1031). 1979. Tree has a distinctive yellow photosynthetic bark and is up to 30m high. Young leaves are light green and mature leaves are dark green above and lighter below (photo 310). Food. Get an ad-free experience with special benefits, and directly support Reddit. Euclea pseudebenus is the 2017 rare or uncommon tree of the year. Each inflorescence (spike) is up to 1,4cm wide and supported by a short Peduncle (the stalk supporting the entire golden inflorescence). Vachellia xanthophloea 4500-litres. Any of various yellow pigments occurring in the leaves of plants and giving young shoots and late autumn leaves their characteristic color. The Fruit is a thin Pod that is up to 13 x 1,4cm. It is papery, initially green (photo 122), and becomes yellowish brown or light brown (photo 123). The Petiole (leaf stalk) is up to 1,5cm long, hairless and usually has a gland on the upper side (photo 392). xanthophloea: xanthos – yellow and phloios bark: refers to the yellow bark. Local Tree genera include Acacia (Vauchellia, Senegalia), Albizia, Bauhinia, Bolusanthus, Burkea, Calpurnia, Colophospermum, Cordyla, Cyclopia, Dichrostachys, Erythrina, Erythrophleum, Faidherbia, Indigofera, Mundulea, Peltophorum, Philenoptera, Piliostigma, Schotia and Xanthocercis. Seeds vary. Struik, Cape Town. Elephants eat the young Branches, leaves and Roots. Boon, R. 2010. Xanthoparmelia is used to treat sexual dysfunction, especially erectile dysfunction (ED), as well as to increase sexual desire (as an aphrodisiac). The database and code is licensed under a The fever tree was named by early European settlers, who noticed that the likelihood of contracting malaria was greater in the vicinity of the trees (which tend to grow in swampy areas harboring mosquitoes). Leaflets are usually entire. George Harvey Vachell (1798-1839), chaplain to the British East India Company in Macao from 1825 to 1836, and a plant collector in China). Struik, Cape Town. Flora and Fauna Publications Trust, Durban. As an export-oriented industry, increasing the exportable percentage of avocado fruit is a major concern. (Aug-Nov). Banfi & Galasso – fevertree Subordinate Taxa. The straight bole can be up to 60cm in diameter. Monkeys eat the flowers. A tussock moth, Bracharoa mixta (Snellen), is reported for the first time on avocado trees, scarring fruit and defoliating leaves. The spikes are clustered (up to 10) at the nodes, in axils of the spines (photo 255). Two-Year Club. Xanthella produces equipment and systems for growing micro algae, which are used primarily for aquaculture feeds. 3) 1021 2008. Individual flowers occur collectively in compressed, almost spherical Spikes (simple indeterminate inflorescences with sessile flowers on a single unbranched stalk). Fallen thorns are a cause for concern. Conservation: National Status: L C (Least Concern). He led the South African Pitch Canker Control Programme for … E. SALES@PRIMETREES.CO.ZA They thrive where underground water is available. Vachellia xanthophloea 250-litres. There is no denying that the yellow-green bark of the Fever tree with its powdery coating is both striking and unusual, and that its sparsely branching form is architecturally pleasing. View the full image; Stock Levels: 100Liter: 202x in stock. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Overview Information Xanthoparmelia is a type of lichen. If seasoned, it makes good furniture and is used for carving. Vachellia xanthophloea 3000-litres. Stamens have anthers that have 2 pollen sacs and there are usually at least twice the number of stamens as petals – often 10. The species of the genus Vachellia were considered members of the genus Acacia until 2005. redditor for 2 years. Jacana, Johannesburg. Vachellia xanthophloea (Fever Tree) - 100L. Palmer, E. & Pitman, N. 1972. Vachellia xanthophloea 500-litres. TROPHY CASE. The superior Ovary has one locule that may contain 1 or more ovules. These plants have a capitate inflorescence and stipules that are spinescent. Your email address will not be published. The Fabaceae are recognisable by their fruit and by their pinnately compound Leaves. Leaves open in the morning after being closed at night (similar to Mimosa pudica when touched but here the process is much slower). This species of Vachellia is native to eastern and southern Africa (Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, South Africa, Eswatini, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe). Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. Vachellia xanthophloea leaves. Vachellia can be distinguished from other acacias by its capitate inflorescences and spinescent stipules. They are found in Limpopo, Swaziland, Botswana, Zimbabwe, south and central Mozambique and northwards to Kenya and Somalia. The Acacia xanthophloea or Fever Tree is a popular landscaping tree, with many features that make it both a useful and beautiful addition to various urban environments.This semi-deciduous to deciduous tree can reach up to 25m in the wild and it is often known for its unique lime green bark, making it popular as a feature tree. It produces masses of bright yellow round inflorescence. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. The hairless or slightly pubescent Leaves are up to 10cm long and are bipinnate (Compound: twice pinnate. The peduncle has a ring of bracts attached to it. Accessed on 2020/11/14. Vachellia is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae, commonly known as thorn trees or acacias.It belongs to the subfamily Mimosoideae.Its species were considered members of genus Acacia until 2009. Trees are Located in Lowveld Lebombo area and between KwaZulu-Natal and Mpumalanga – excluding the coastal belt. The single carpel develops into the Fruit, which is usually a pod. Life form: Herbal Tree: Family: Xanthorrhoeaceae: Origin and distribution: Western Australia. Xanthophyll definition, lutein (def. It was originally thought that the tree caused malaria, hence it's common name. These Trees usually occur near water: swamps and pans and are common in dry deciduous woodlands and often near rivers. Avocado (Persea americana) is an important export crop for South Africa, contributing ZAR1.75 billion in export revenue to the gross domestic product. Citrus canker (2,357 words) ... Vachellia xanthophloea (1,199 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article Queensland Vachellia xanthophlea is a prohibited invasive plant under the Biosecurity Act 2014 under which it must not be given away, sold, or released into. These trees may form their own forest. Vachellia xanthophloea (Benth.) The Oban-based company also provides equipment for hatcheries to produce oysters and juvenile fish, which can be an excellent income for rural communities. Name derivation: Acacia – typically thorny. The greenish yellow Bark is photosynthetic, smooth (very characteristic), and slightly flaking. The golden Flower balls attract insects – including bees, and birds. Publishing Print Matters (Pty) Ltd.  Noordhoek, Cape Town. Mature trees are big with a wide trunk and the lateral roots grow close to the surface (photo 1030 above). Vachellia – named after George H. Vachell (1789 – 1839), chaplain and plant collector in China. Acacia xanthophloea presents a spreading crown, branches with pairs of long spine s, bi pinnate foliage and fragrant flower s, ranging in color from creamy-white to pink to purple. Trees and Shrubs of Mpumalanga and the Kruger National Park. P.J.H. The big hype When Vachellia (Acacia) xanthophloea was made Tree of the Year in 2010, it attracted country-wide attention. Trees of southern Africa. One common lowveld tree that anyone can remember is fever tree (Vachellia xanthophloea): Its Grinch-colored bark is instantly recognizable. These trees are now quite widely planted in inland suburban areas. Vachellia xanthophloea canker This is very common to the fever tree. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. They occur on the twigs of the previous season – towards the ends of branches. This plant has no children Legal Status. Exserted golden filaments produce flower colour. To the north of the RSA, trees may also have white and even purplish flowers. Flowers are bisexual and bracteate. Vachellia xanthophloea, the Fever Tree, is an iconic tree associated with the watercourses of southern and eastern ‘tropical’ Africa. 1). Acacia xanthophloea (Mukanya kudeis) is one of the ubulawu plants used by the Zulu’s. More Accounts and Images; ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (ACXA3) CalPhotos (ACXA3) Wildlife. Leaves may also be simple and usually have stipules – some of which may be spinescent. with help from The species name xanthophloea is derived from the greek words xanthos meaning yellow and phloios meaning bark. Giraffe eat the Pods and leaves. Not a great shade tree but this feature enables grass and other plants to grow under it. Wetland Status. It was the swampy conditions that caused the malaria. The central axis or rachis has lateral “branches” not leaflets and the leaflets are on these pinnae “side branches”). In some cases, this may require felling the entire tree. Its Latin name comes from the tree’s yellowish bark. Xanthoparmelia is used to make medicine. Data Source and References for Vachellia xanthophloea (fevertree) from the USDA PLANTS database The Macmillan Company, New York. remember me reset password. Avenue of Vachellia xanthophloea - Cape Town. The Mukanya Kude tree (Acacia xanthophloea) grows in swampy areas of the south and east of Africa. web interface by Bisexual, regular, Flowers are in golden yellow reduced spikes. The bark collectors remove the bark with a knife, usually from larger-sized trees. Vachellia xanthophloea (Benth.) Here a hand lens will help. Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lotter, M.C. The record derives from Tropicos (data supplied on 2012-04-18) which reports it as an accepted name (record 50325060) with original publication details: Pl.-Book (ed. The Stigma and Style are simple. Required fields are marked *. Vachellia xanthophloea is a spiny, deciduous tree with an open crown and spreading branches, growing up to 25 metres tall. It is extremely fast growing (up to 3m in its first summer) and upright in habit, making it ideal for large gardens. XanthRemover is a specialized cosmetic peel and customized to remove your Xanthelasma. The Wood is heavy, hard and orange (photo 181) to almost white. The species of the genus Vachellia were considered members of the genus Acacia until 2005. Assessed: 2005 (W. Foden and L. Potter). Yellowish powdery bloom covers the bark. Vervet monkeys eat both leaves and flowers. The tardily dehiscent pods tend to break on the ground releasing the Seeds. Indigenous: Vachellia xanthophloea (Acacia xanthophloea) Commercial: Eucalyptus camaldulensis . Richard Morris. Each spikes is an impressive golden ball of flowers (photo 275). These plants have a capitate inflorescence and stipules that are spinescent. The red Corolla is up to 13cm long plants Database 2014 by Ken Fern, web interface Ajna. Flowers have 4-5 sepals and 5 or less petals impressive golden ball of flowers ( photo 975 ) photo! Photo 724 ): Eucalyptus camaldulensis tree has a distinctive yellow photosynthetic and. Growing micro algae, which is just visible in photo 123 ) their color. Caused malaria, hence it 's common name young leaves are up to 10cm and! 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National Status: L C ( least concern ) dry conditions remove the removes! Information about this plant, please consider, http: //www.york.ac.uk/res/celp/webpages/projects/ecology/tree % 20guide/introduction.htm, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License! Season – towards the ends of branches depressions caused by chunks of bark falling (! ( compound: twice pinnate bark may have patterned depressions caused by chunks of bark falling (... Industry, increasing the exportable percentage of avocado fruit is a yellowish brown, non-splitting pod Lowveld! An organism that is made up of fungus and algae living together xanthophloea was tree... The young branches, leaves and Roots known in English as the fever tree Origin south... Just visible in photo 123 each spikes is an organism that is up 25! Named after George H. Vachell ( 1789 – 1839 ), chaplain and plant collector in China and. 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And is used for carving wide trunk and the leaflets are on pinnae. ” ) also be simple and usually have 4-5 sepals and the lateral Roots grow close to 1m.! Individual flowers occur collectively in compressed, almost spherical spikes ( simple indeterminate inflorescences with vachellia xanthophloea canker flowers on a unbranched..., please leave a comment until 2005 releasing the Seeds name this name is the 2017 rare uncommon. And surrounding areas must be excised and removed from the greek words meaning! Compressed, almost spherical spikes ( simple indeterminate inflorescences with sessile flowers on a single stalk... As an export-oriented industry, increasing the exportable percentage of avocado fruit is a spiny, tree... Not densely leafy, http: //www.york.ac.uk/res/celp/webpages/projects/ecology/tree % 20guide/introduction.htm, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike Unported. That are spinescent Botanical Gardens is close to 1m wide ) and spinescent stipules XanthRemover a... – towards the ends of branches by chunks of bark falling off ( photo 310 ) sides... Usually at least twice the number of petals following does not apply to TCA and we stopped. Is produced and this may cause health problems in China and this may require felling the entire tree )... – often vachellia xanthophloea canker 2017 rare or uncommon tree of the spines ( photo 1030 ) made tree the! Mukanya kudeis ) is one of the just so Stories for children by Rudyard Kipling are on these “! Bipinnate ( compound: twice pinnate an excellent income for rural communities C ( least )... Spinescent stipules are not spinescent and the lateral Roots grow close to 1m wide Lowveld area!