The Hindu and Muslim soldiers refused to cut the covers. Also, the import of British Machine to India, the exclusion of Indian sepoys at higher ranks in … By a new act introduced in the British Parliament British government took the charge to rule India. Answer: Military Causes: The Indian sepoys in the British army moved a strong sense of resentment at the low scale of salary and poor prospects of promotion. New recruitment policy of the army men was announced to see that they could not organize any revolt. 10 mins. One consequence of the mutiny was the establishment of direct British governance of India. On the centenary of the great revolt Dr. Ramesh Chandra Majumder wrote and published a book entitled ‘Sepoy Mutiny’ and ‘Revolt of Eighteen Fifty Seven’. Causes of Revolt of 1857 Published: November 1, 2016 The various causes of the Mutiny of 1857 can be classified into several heads such as political, administrative, economic, Socio-religious, military and immediate causes. They declared old Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah as the Badshah of India. The consequences, however, lasted over ninety years right up to the time of Indian independence in 1947, and beyond. Political Reasons for the Failure of 1857 Revolt. Pavan Choudhary. It may be righty that they had no idea about national government, but nationalism was there. Ill framed “doctrine of lapse” of Lord Dalhousie was cancelled. The policy of taxing lands belonging to temples and mosques lent further support to this idea. There were several reasons behind the failure of this revolt. Revolt of 1857: Causes, Leaders Nature of the revolt • Revolt of 1857 began as a revolt of the sepoys but eventually secured the participation of the masses. It is considered as the country’s First War of Independence which was against the rule of the British.. So it can be called a national movement. That ignited the fire. They could not match improved guns and ri­fles with their old model musket, spears and sword. The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). DMPQ- Discuss the impact of Martial law on the status of Fundamental rights. Under the leadership of Mangal Pandey the agony of the Sepoys exposed at Barrackpore in Calcutta (March, 1857 A.D.). He also said that in some places few non-military persons came out in support of the sepoys but they were local landlords, talukdars and feudal leaders. According to Marxist historians, the 1857 revolt was “the struggle of the soldier-peasant democratic combine against foreign as well as feudal bondage”. Introduction In 1857 the British faced a serious challenge to their control of India. 1. In the Ajamgarh declaration a call was given to people of all classes of mass to unite against the British rule. What Was The Causes Of The Revolt Of 1857 1699 Words | 7 Pages. Development of National Feeling: Dr. K. M Panikkar wrote that though the sepoys had limitations and weaknesses, but their efforts to make India free from British rule was patriotic work and a progressive step. The bullets of these rifles were covered by paper with grease like thing. The British, after the Revolt of 1857, decided to concentrate in providing a sound and efficien… Savarkar, the great revolutionary, described this revolt as the first struggle for independence. This was … The whites also started interfering in the religious and … In the important positions of the government no native people (Indian) was given any chance. The British left no stone unturned to create an eternal wall between Hindus and Muslims. If we do not consider any historical event on the basis of its success then the revolt of 1857 A.D. was never a tragedy. The subsidiary alliance and the Doctrine of Lapse of Dalhousie angered Indian Princes. causes of revolt of 1857 1. India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British ‘investment’ policies and revenue administration. By the end of 1859 A.D. the British power was reestablished in troubled areas. Thus out of discontent the artisans and peasantry joined hands with the sepoys in the mutiny. Unsurprisingly, it has become the metaphor for the freedom struggle. One consequence of the mutiny was the establishment of direct British governance of India. Causes of Failure of the Revolt of 1857. Gradually it spread from Punjab in the north to Narmada in south, from Rajputana in the west to Bihar in the east. The policy of Doctrine of Lapse was applied not only to Princes but also big Zamindars. CAUSES OF REVOLT. The Revolt of 1857 was the first sign that the Indians wanted to end British rule and were ready to stand united for this cause. There were several revolts before this, but there was no feeling of Indian-ness in those revolts. The standpoint from which it is mostly condemned is morality or moral grounds but there is no morality in empire building or politics. The Great Revolt of 1857 (also Indian rebellion of 1857, the Great uprising of 1857, the Great rebellion, Indian Sepoy mutiny) is regarded as India’s First War of Independence against the British rule. On the other hand, the British force had huge and improved armory. New groups of soldiers were sent to India after the end of Crimean war. Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. Under the leadership of Mangal Pandey the agony of the Sepoys exposed at Barrackpore in Calcutta (March, 1857 A.D.). The Sepoys were to cut the cover by teeth before using it. Out of such discon­tent the Indian sepoys led to a mutiny. DMPQ- What is article 370? He looked the palaces of Nagpur and Oudh. In his opinion it was nothing better than feudalistic reaction of the revolt. The British government came out with all the powers to suppress the revolt. The Hindu and Muslim soldiers refused to cut the covers. The sepoys established a symbol of Hindu-Muslim unity by electing Bahadur Shah as the Emperor of India. It was the first rebellion against the East India Company which took the massive form. (1) Political and administrative, (2) Economic, (3) Social and religious, and (4) Military and the immediate affair of greased cartridges Consequently the British Parliament by an Act transferred the control of the Indian government from the East India Company to the British Crown. Causes And Consequences Of The War Of Independence 893 Words | 4 Pages. Causes of 1857 Revolt The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. The revolt of 1857 had very narrow social and geographical basis that contributed to its collapse. The bullets of these rifles were covered by paper with grease like thing. How Election commission can enforce it. Satara, Jhansi, Sambalpur, Nagpur, etc. The causes of the mutiny, therefore, were several and had been simmering for a long period of time but especially from 1848 to 1857. Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi lost her life in the battle­ground. They protested against this and were arrested. They supported the British. It was not planned and organized. Kunwar Singh, Bakht Khan of Bihar, Bahadur Khan, Moulavi Ahmed of Faizabad lost their lives one after the other. 3. The Indian sepoys were treated with contempt by their European officers. See instructions, TSPSC Mains General Studies- PAPER-II: HISTORY, CULTURE AND GEOGRAPHY, TSPSC Group I Prelims Exam 2020- Test Series and Notes Program, TSPSC  Prelims and Mains Tests Series and Notes Program. [jetpack_subscription_form title=”Subscribe to TSPSC Notes” subscribe_text=”Never Miss any TSPSC important update!” subscribe_button=”Sign Me Up” show_subscribers_total=”1″], Sorry, you have Javascript Disabled! His maltreatment towards the Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah-II hurt the sentiment of the Muslim community. 1. They supported the British. The nonconformists turned for organization to Delhi to get the favors of the Mughal Emperor and subsequently accommodate their exercises credibility. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. Some of these acts were taken as deliberate blow at the Hindu religion, custom and right of inheritance. It may be righty that they had no idea about national government, but nationalism was there. A group of historians and writers has asserted that the Revolt was the result of a widespread and well-organized conspiracy. Nana Saheb lost the battle of Kanpur. In loading the rifle the sepoy before inserting the cartridge had to bite off its top. DMPQ- . There are differences of opinions amongst historians about the character of this great revolt. But many historians are of opinion that the Great movement of 1857 A.D. cannot be termed as narrow, isolated and reactionary. Metcalf says Stokes undermines the assumption that 1857 was a response to general causes emanating from entire classes of people. In this class, Abhyudaya Kelkar will discussin detail various causes and consequences of the revolt of 1857 or the First War of Indian Independence through pictures and maps with an exam-oriented approach. It was the result of the century-old British rule in India. The various causes of the Mutiny of 1857 can be classified into several heads such as political, administrative, economic, Socio-religious, military and immediate causes.. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. The … The Revolt of 1857 led to the many major changes in the administration and the policy of the British Government. Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi lost her life in the battle­ground. It is considered as the country’s First War of Independence which was against the rule of the British.. Thus was a great disparity in salaries between the Indian and European soldiers. There were several reasons behind the failure of this revolt. This discontent of royal families, army men and common people jointly exposed in the Great Revolt of 1857. A lot of causes were there which had been causing grievances for quite some time. Further the leaders of this revolt could not get the support of several native states like Holker, Scindia and Rajput sardars and kings. He also said that in some places few non-military persons came out in support of the sepoys but they were local landlords, talukdars and feudal leaders. Question 3: The Revolt of 1857 can be attributed to many causes. Savarkar called 1857 revolt as the First War of Indian Independence. High land revenue disabled peasantry class. Revolt 1857 Causes Several causes as follows were responsible for the great rising: The fear of the native rulers that their states would be taken over by the English, the resentment of the people of the annexed states and the occasional disrespect shown to Bahadur Shah, the Mughal emperor by the English constituted the political causes. Here, we briefly outline the Military factors which helped cause the revolt. Socio-Religious Causes of 1857 Revolt. On the other hand, some historians believe that it was more than just a sepoy mutiny as it had a large mass base. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.. An uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. Unpopular revenue settlement 1. To see this page as it is meant to appear, please enable your Javascript! It was the most remarkable single event in the history of India after the establishment of British rule. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.. An uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British ‘investment’ policies and revenue administration. • V.D. DMPQ: Social reform movements played their role in making of modern India. As a result of these, in the middle of the revolt the strength of the British force was doubled. The major causes of 1857 Revolt can be studied under the following heads − Economic Cause. Religious causes 4. This aspect is not as simple as it appears at first sight. Followings are the major consequences of the revolt of 1857: The policy of annexation and expansion of British empire in India ended. The Revolt of 1857 was the first sign that the Indians wanted to end British rule and were ready to stand united for this cause. Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt of 1857. DMPQ: What is 52nd Constitutional amendment act. But it was not simply a revolt of sepoys. The policy of annexation and conquest has also been widely pointed out as one of the principal causes of the rebellion of 1857. The sepoys fought the battle with their limited strength for four months. 2.1 Superior British Army; 2.2 Limited Supplies and Lack of Modern Communication; 3 Political Reasons for the Failure of 1857 Revolt. But many historians are of opinion that the Great movement of 1857 A.D. cannot be termed as narrow, isolated and reactionary. Awakening of Peasants class: The peasants joined this revolt which was out and out against the British. Nana Saheb lost the battle of Kanpur. In 1856, he captured Oudh on the plea of misrule. Some historians are of opinion that the revolt in the North-Western province was a lawless revolt by a group of sepoys. In comparison to the previous uprisings of the Indians, the Great Revolt of 1857 was of a greater dimension and it assumed almost an all-India character with participation of people from different sections of the society. There was no unified action also. Political Causes: Lord Dalhousie was the Governor-General of India till 1848-1856. Also Read: Causes of the Revolt of 1857. As a result of these, in the middle of the revolt the strength of the British force was doubled. Dalhousie through his policies had added considerable territories to the British Empire in India. They could not match improved guns and ri­fles with their old model musket, spears and sword. Fresh army men came from Singapore. Revolt of 1857 India:causes, effects, history, in Indian History / One of the important events of Indian history is the Revolt of 1857. In the end, we may presume that the revolt of 1857 was the result of a culmination of popular dissatisfaction that had been simmering for a long time against the policies of the British in India – expansion, exploitation and economic drain and humiliation of the Indian spirit by advocating the white- man’s civilizing mission – factors of multiple dimension of direct and indirect, long run and short run … There were political, economic, social, religious and military causes of the revolt. Impoverished by heavy taxation, the peasants resorted to loans from moneylenders/traders at usurious rates, the latter often evicting the for… Some of these acts were taken as deliberate blow at the Hindu religion, custom and right of inheritance. So it can be called a national movement. Gradually it spread from Punjab in the north to Narmada in south, from Rajputana in the west to Bihar in the east. 1— company didn't pay any ueed to religious doctrines of the natives as it was a for profit company. The direct effects of the Revolt of 1857 may be summed as follows: The Revolt of 1857 exposed the danger involved in allowing a commercial organisation to rule over a country. Enactment of some Acts greatly offended the sentiment of the people. Discuss the position of Right to property since independence. It can be said that the great revolt of 1857 A.D. was a failure, but was not fruitless. There was no central organization of the sepoys. Military cause: The sepoys of the company regiment had been feeling dissatisfied with the English for various reasons. Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. The War of Independence is an important landmark in the history of Sub-Continent. Dr. Majumder thought that this was nothing but a revolt of the sepoy. Causes for the Failure of Revolt of 1857. The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). DMPQ: Raja Ram mohanroy was the maker of Modern India. Oct 18, 2020 - The Revolt of 1857 - Causes of failure and Consequences (Hindi) Humanities/Arts Video | EduRev is made by best teachers of Humanities/Arts. DMPQ- What is model code of conduct? Perhaps the most important cause of the people’s discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British and the complete destruction of its traditional economic fabric. This War was fought in 1857 by Indians against the British in order to get rid of their domination. But it was not simply a revolt of sepoys. India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British ‘investment’ policies and revenue administration. On observing this historians thought that, up to this period there was no communal feelings among the masses. New groups of soldiers were sent to India after the end of Crimean war. The sepoys were sent to distant parts of the empire, but were not paid any extra allowance. Roy said that it was the reaction of the feudal against capitalism. Consequences of Revolt of 1857 Nationalism Explain the military causes which led to the revolt of 1857. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. Causes of Revolt of 1857 3. The British also possessed almost unlimited supplies of modern artillery to quickly suppress the 1857 Revolt. Farmers and artisans put further force behind the mutiny. It is also given names as Indian Rebellion, Indian Mutiny as well as Indian Revolt. Watch Consequences of Revolt of 1857 in English from Indian Freedom Movement and 1857 Revolt in India here. Like the causes, the consequences were political, economic, social and military in nature. The chance of a win became remote. The main persons behind this rebellion were the soldiers [sepoy]. DMPQ: Enumerate the characteristics of 1857 revolt. This course will be conducted in Hindi and the notes will also be provided in English. Exploitation of the Zamindars gave rise 10 landless laborers who became restless by and by. In this course, Pavan Choudhary will discuss the causes and consequences of the Revolt of 1857 in detail. Many of the innovations were introduced by Lord Dalhousie. Following are the Political causes of failure of 1857 mutiny. Direct cause: At that time, Enfield rifles were introduced in the army. In comparison to the previous uprisings of the Indians, the Great Revolt of 1857 was of a greater dimension and it assumed almost an all-India character with participation of people from different sections of the society. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. Also read: Nature of Revolt of 1857 in India, Importance and Outcome of the Great Revolt of 1857. They might have been intended to modernise India but, at the same time, irritated and alienated some conservative elements who lost property, prestige and power by these measures. With the outbreak of mutiny among Sepoys common men joined the revolt. 9 mins . All these states came under British rule. All these states came under British rule. In Nature to use purportedly tainted weaponry assumption that 1857 was a lawless revolt a. ; 2 military causes which led to the British power a policy of the revolt in the of! 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