Buyers evaluate plum varieties on characteristics such as sweetness and firmness. References: 1. Most plums, but not all, require cross-pollination to set adequate crops; plan to plant two different varieties. The Japanese plum was first domesticated in China thousands of years ago but was extensively developed in Japan; from there it was introduced to the rest of the world. In the USA, European plums are eaten fresh, as fresh slices in salads and desserts, and processed as puree for baby food, baking, dried fruit, and fermented as alcoholic beverages, depending on the varieties. This species arose in China. Latin Name: Prunus … European plum varieties Japanese plums varieties Cherry plums Plumcots Along with peaches and nectarines, plums are the defining fruit of the summer season. Maturity Chart. Combo European Plum Tree (4 varieties) This self-fertile, hardy tree on semi-dwarf rootstock will grow 12-15' tall and provide loads of red and purple fruit for canning, drying and fresh... View full details Tulare Giant - The Tulare Giant is a new Japanese plum variety. Search AC Nursery. Plum Trees - European Plum trees in this list are among the sweetest plums in our catalogue, originating in Europe, and include the famous Green Gage plum, and also the many different types of Prune plum trees Sort by Default Order Show 16 Products Those listed under "General Planting" are mainly well-known cultivars with proven performance and established market value. Plum Varieties. It is a medium to large-sized fruit with good firmness and sweetness with a medium acid content for a nice balanced flavor. View … Gage plums and Greengage plums - The gages are a group of cultivars of the common European plum, (Prunus domestica ssp. Some European varieties are thought to come from the Prunus domestica, a wild plum tree that grows near the Caspian Sea. Quince, an uncommon type of fruit, is prized by some for its attractive flowers and unique … Japanese and European varieties of plum do not cross pollinate with each other. European plum trees are larger and more erect than Japanese plums, and they bloom later - a distinct advantage in climates subject to spring frosts. In habit of tree they resemble some- what the vigorous Chickasa varieties, but their foliage is peculiarly large and distinct. Plums are large, usually soft-fleshed – perfect for eating or cooking (depending on the cultivar). The European plum is the usual source for prunes (dried plums) since many of the cultivars are freestone and processing the pits is simpler. Japanese plum trees are more likely than European varieties to require cross-pollination. Luckily for fruit fans, this means that … This germplasm is still cultivated in rural areas in spite of the EU-28 crisis of the stone fruit sector. The flowering phenology, blooming time and inter-fertility relations of 63 European plum varieties has been studied at growing sites with different ecological conditions during a 10 year long period. What it boils down to is a one … Prunes from these plums are the sweetest and easiest to dry. Most likely the modern Italian Prune Plum was amongst these many early selections. They bloom in late winter or early spring. The European plum (Prunus domestica L.) is a worldwide distributed tree species. Quince. Within these species there are many varieties and hybrids varying from red, purple to yellow and green skin or flesh, many of which you can find for sale in Europe. Stanley Prune-Plum grow very well in the Northeast, Midwest and upper South. They need many hours of direct sun a day to fruit. A deciduous tree, it includes many varieties of the fruit trees known as plums in English, though not all plums belong to this species. (Harvest dates are approximate for south central PA. This tree is known only in cultivation, but it is planted around the world in temperate areas. I've recently gotten a few European plum trees this fall. Many inter specific hybrids also exist and these mostly have salicina like … These plums are often canned or made into jams or jellies. In ancient Rome there were reports to be over 400 varieties of European Plums cultivated. Most garden plum trees in Northern Europe are of this species, and they are well suited to temperate climates, being hardier than the Japanese varieties and flowering later. 'Boddarts … The flesh is golden-yellow. Most Japanese plums are suitable for Georgia because they have been bred locally for better climate adaptation, improved tree health, and primary production in Southeastern states (Table 1).The choice of varieties for Georgia gardens dependson several factors. The fruit can be up to 8 cm across, and is usually sweet (dessert plum). These are extremely sweet plums that have dark burgundy to purple skin and juicy yellow-orange to amber flesh. And they are certainly not just … The most useful cultivars to grow in a garden are listed below. Directions to ACN, Super Chief® Red Delicious (Sandidge Cv. 3 of the Best Plum Varieties … The Greengages are a variety of the Gages, (Prunus domestica ssp. Adjust accordingly for other locations. The plant is usually a large shrub or a small tree. (Harvest dates are approximate for south central PA. 3-in-1 Plum Tree . These plum rootstocks are suitable for most European plum varieties, as well as the closely related species of gages, damsons, and mirabelles. It is a sweet plum that stores well and is a great dual purpose plum. Both black and yellow plums have an amber … Smaller, semi-dwarf trees are easier to harvest and maintain. italica var. If you don't have room to plant two trees that will pollenize each other, then it is best to plant a self … They are generally more tolerant of the cold than Japanese varieties. At the end of this article we suggest three varieties which will pollinate each other very successfully and provide a lengthy … This article compares the best plum tree varieties commonly grown in the UK. A medium to large freestone plum, 'Stanley' is excellent for eating fresh, cooking, or canning. Eat this one fresh because its incredible sweetness is rivaled by few other varieties . Fruit Trees > Plum Trees > Plum Varieties European Varieties Japanese Varieties. ABUNDANCE PLUM. However, they need to be protected against bacteria and that can be done with the use of Bacterial Canker. European plums (Prunus domestica) cannot pollinate any other common plum species (and vice-versa), but the other species can typically pollinate each other, to some extent, as long as their bloom overlaps. In spite of our stronger cultural connections with Europe when it comes to food, it is actually the Japanese plum that most people would identify as the typical American plum.Originally from China, these plums Aspers, PA 17304 Italy has an ample number of traditional varieties, but many are neglected and at risk of extinction. Japanese plums can then be broken into red plums, black plums (more of a dark purple color), and yellow plums. The Greengages are a variety of the Gages, (Prunus domestica ssp. Important features for marketing fresh plums are: firmness; crunchiness; brix level; sweetness-acidity ratio; soluble solid content; freestone (flesh comes easy off the kernel). There are two different kinds of plums: Japanese, Prunus salicina, and European, Prunus domestica. Plums come in three distinct types, European, Japanese and American species. Sort by Default Order; Sort by Name; Sort by Price; Sort by Date; Sort by Popularity; Sort by Rating; Show 16 Products. Shop 1200+ varieties from our USDA certified organic nursery. Phone: (717) 677-8105 European or Italian plums may be sold as sugar plum, Italian plum or prune, French prune, or simply "fresh prune" since it's the fruit that is dried to make prunes. Sort by Default Order. European plum trees (Prunus domestica) are an ancient, domesticated species of fruit tree. Vanette - The Vanette is a large, purple-blue, freestone plum. American hybrids are self-sterile and … European plums tend to be small, and most varieties are egg-shaped. 'Stanley' is a versatile European plum that is widely adapted and particularly well suited to the eastern regions and some of the Northwest. Plum trees get relatively large and require 12–18 ft. spacing. What are the best varieties that you've tasted? Vote in your post below or recommend a new variety! A few of the Japan plums are fairly hardy, but most of them are better adapted to the … The damson (/ ˈ d æ m z ə n /) or damson plum (Prunus domestica subsp. Fruit is yellow, dry, tender, meaty, and sweet. European plum varieties make delicious prunes and jams. European plums have a much better and more interesting range of flavours than the 'Japanese' plums usually found in supermarkets. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! All varieties are self-pollinating, except for those noted. The smallish blue fruit is best for jam, jelly, and preserves. With regard to Plum trees, as well as the Cornish varieties such as the most sought after Kea Plum and Manaccan Plum, there are a few non Cornish varieties such as the Victoria Plum and River’s Early Prolific which are very productive and can be found in Cornish Orchards. If you would like to view our European plum varieties listed in order of ripening please use the Maturity Chart link provided on the right. These plum trees produce the best-known cultivated plums and the most widely distributed. Traditional European plum varieties remain poorly … La Cresent Is a zone 4a freestone plum that not only looks like but has a slight taste of an apricot! The plants are fairly- hardy, but some varieties do well in mild-winter areas. Below is a list of our European plum variety offerings. Very sweet and richly flavorful, Green Gage is great for fresh eating, baking, preserves, and canning. Green Gage bears large crops of yellowish green, juicy, firm and tender, oval fruit . European plum trees produce plums with skins in a wide variety of colors – generally are blue or maroon, although popular ‘Green Gage’ plums are green, while ‘Mirabelle’ plums are yellow. St. Julien rootstock fruits. Most plum varieties are self- incompatible (the flowers cannot receive pollen on its own to produce fruit) and require appropriate pollinators for reliable cropping. What is a European plum? In addition to the European plums are the Japanese plums … Japanese plums which are cultivated varieties derived mostly from Prunus salicina. Plum species that are significant for commercial trade include the hexaploid European plum (Prunus domestica) and the diploid Japanese plum (Prunus salicina). European plums (Prunus domestica) cannot pollinate any other common plum species (and vice-versa), but the other species can typically pollinate each other, to some extent, as long as their bloom overlaps. About 20 varieties dominate the commercial supply of plums, and most originated in either Asia or Europe. But the fruits of many varieties can be considerably larger, or petite, circular, or oblong. Plum Pollination Chart NOTE: Brooks, French, Green Gage, Imperial Epineuse, Italian, Seneca, Stanley, Victory, Yellow Egg and the new Plum/Cherry cross called Nadia. Each variety can be researched in more detail by clicking on the plum variety name for a more comprehensive description. The domestic plum season extends from May through October, with Japanese types coming on the market first and peaking in August, followed by European varieties … This species is also smaller than the Japanese plum and matures later. Most … Below is a list of our European plum variety offerings. There are two types of varieties, the European, that contain less water and more soluble solids, suitable to be dried, and the Japanese, more juicy for fresh consumption. If you would like to view our European plum varieties listed in order of ripening please use the Maturity Chart link provided on the right. ). The fruit from European plum trees (Prunus domestica) is usually oval or oblong with yellow flesh covered by a deep purple-blue skin. In some cases, plum cultivars from the same species cannot pollinate each other. In some cases, plum cultivars from the same species cannot pollinate each other. They are plums that have a high enough sugar content to allow growers to dry the plums in the sun without fermenting. Read on for more European plum facts and tips on European plum growing. In contrast, European-type plums are smaller, denser and less juicy. Black knot is problematic for varieties such as Stanley, Rosy Gage, and many other varieties. The trees are small and self-pollinating, and the fruit ripens at the end of August or in September. These fruits are usually light green (like the Claudia variety) or purple. 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This monograph, the result of 10 years' work, is the first of a series of precise pomological descriptions of European plum varieties, and will be a most valuable aid to identification and to straightening out the confusion in nomenclature that exists at present. Gage plums and Greengage plums - The gages are a group of cultivars of the common European plum, (Prunus domestica ssp. They are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference. Besides fresh consumption, plums … The long-term data collected at Vineland shows that May 16-19 is the average full-bloom date period among different cultivars. Planting Justice is a 501(c)3 non-profit. European plum trees are adapted to conditions throughout most of the United States. This rootstock was developed by East … Gages are small, round and sweet, but grow best in a sunny spot. Greengages and damsons are varieties of plums.. claudiana), and all descendants from the original cultivar 'Reine Claude Verte' in France. The aforementioned are all European plums and are self-fertile. Toll Free: (800) 377-3106 REINE CLAUDE CONDUCTA This pink/ purple skinned plum has high quality amber flesh, somewhat crisp and very sweet. Adjust accordingly for other locations.) When you are beginning European plum growing, remember to plant your trees in a sunny site. REINE CLAUDE BODDAERT European plum, likely a Reine Claude seedling, but origins largely unknown. There are not as many plum rootstocks as there are for apples, and there are no extremely-dwarfing plum rootstocks. |HE Japan plums are quite distinct from either our native, or the widely known European, varieties. The European plum tree is the most common. The value of criteria for the identification of varieties. insititia, or sometimes Prunus insititia), also archaically called the "damascene", is an edible drupaceous fruit, a subspecies of the plum tree. Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. Most of our plum tree varieties … italica). What does it look like and how does it taste? The purpose was to develop a system of variety combinations which approaches an optimum in fertility as long as inter-fertility … This tree is normally grown for the fruit crop, but the attractive white flowers that appear in April make it a good specimen tree, as well. Interestingly enough, Greengages are one of the few varieties of European plums that have a clingstone pit! This means that they produce fruit even without a nearby plum tree of a different but compatible species. Whilst European plums … It's self-fertile and very productive. List your favorite variety or varieties and why, and I will add it to the list here, with the ones with the most … Most of the plums we eat are grown on varieties of this tree. For best disease resistance, select President, Green Gage, Early Italian, and Bluebyrd. From green to yellow to purple to red, there are so many possibilities. This is a great choice for those who want to grow apricots but due to zoning cannot. They are usually self-pollinating, so you can get by with one tree in the yard. The flesh is rather dry and very sweet. European-type plums include the prunes and damsons: "Italian" and "Stanley" are two of the most famous. Moyer plums are large plums with a long oval shape and high sugar content. Compatible cultivars are offered if cross pollination is needed. Rustic Plum Tart. So exactly what is a European plum? To ensure the healthy growth of Moyer Plums, plant its crop with other European plum varieties like Brooks Plum. Space them some 18 to 22 feet (5.5 to 6.7 m.) apart to allow for mature size. One of the heaviest hitters in the world of European plums, Damsons tend to be a bit more tart than other types of plums. Plum – different types of European plums are better able to tolerate summer heat plums. Detail by clicking on the plum variety shape and high sugar content in and the... 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